Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: I

List Entry Number: 1142836

Date first listed: 23-Aug-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Jan-1989



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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Werrington

National Grid Reference: SX 30304 88058


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Reasons for Designation

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WERRINGTON SX 38 NW 9/260 Cullacott and attached open-fronted cartshed (previously listed as Old 23.8.57 Cullacott, Werrington, Broadwoodwidger, Rural District, Devon)


Unoccupied farmhouse. Early C16 with mid and late C16 and early C17 improvements and addition. Slate stone rubble (shillet) walls with some cob (especially to rear) and a small area of wall rebuilt in concrete blocks. Some granite quoins and slate hanging to one section of wall. Dressed granite detail to some doorways and windows. Large slate stone rubble axial stack to left of centre (lower end) with drip course and weatherings. Axial stack to right in angle of wing constructed of ashlar with finely moulded granite cap and drip-course (at present partially obscured by ivy). Slate roof with gable ends. Complex structural history. Originally probably 3 room and through passage plan open to roof throughout and divided by low partitions. In mid C16 lower end ceiled and room over passage jettied into hall and fireplace in a front lateral stack added to hall. In the late C16 the inner room and chamber above were rebuilt or enlarged and a 2-storey wing added to its front, probably contemporary with carved date on lintel of inner room window, 1575. In early C17 lower end stack and fireplace probably inserted and additional room built on beyond as dairy. Contemporary 2 storey porch added at rear perhaps when house was turned back to front. Possibly in late C17 or early C18 an additional porch was formed at the front of the lower end by a first floor room open underneath. In the C18 the house must have decreased in importance because no significant alterations of that date are visible until, in mid C19, a new farmhouse was built a short distance away and the old house was then inhabited only by farmworkers. The upper end was used for storage and animal housing and the last farmworker moved out of the lower end in mid C20,since,then house has been unoccupied. Exterior:Mainly 2 storey except for the hall which is still open to the roof never having been ceiled. Asymmetrical front with central circa late C16 single storeyed gabled porch which has C19 carved barge-boards with pendant finial and 4-centred granite arched doorway with roll and hollow chamfer and leaf motif in spandrels. Traditional C19 half door to porch which has wooden seats either side. Heavy plank front door to passage possibly re-facing of C17 door. Finely ovolo-moulded square headed door-frame with elaborate stops of inscribed fleur-de-lys type flower and carved vase beneath. To left of porch is 3 light C19 casement on ground floor with similar 2-light window above and to the left, both have glazing bars. To their left is a small projecting gabled wing/porch supported by a wall under its right hand side with a single post below its front left hand corner; it is slate hung on its gable end with a 2-light C19 casement to its right hand side with H-L hinges and glazing bars. Underneath this room a C19 plank door leads into the ground floor lower end room. To the right of the central single storey porch is a small 2-light Cl.9 window on the first floor and a single granite framed light below with chamfer. To the right uf this is the projection for the lateral hall stack which has offsets and is cut off at the eaves. To the right of the stack in the same line is the framing of a granite mullion window now a doorway. 4-light with mullions and cill now removed, double hollow chamfer with king mullion and hoodmould above. To the right of this the roof level rises abruptly for the stair of the 2 storey section at the higher end. On the ground floor is an adjacent former mullion window now also a doorway with its mullions and cill removed. It is identical to the previous mullion window except that its lintel is carved with the inscription "ANNO DOM 1579" (date slightly unclear but first 2 numbers are certain)" BY WATER BLYGETE". Immediately above this window is an inserted loading door. A small 2 storey one cell wing then projects from the right. In the angle between it and the main block on the first floor is a very small slit opening for the garderobe. On the ground floor the wing has a narrow 4-centred granite arched doorway to the right with chamfer and plain stops. To its left is a single light granite framed window with 2 iron stanchion bars and chamfer; to its left is a 2-light granite mullion window with chamfer and hood mould above. Neither window has contained glass. Above the single light window and doorway is a slate drip-course. On the first floor left of centre is a granite framed window with the central mullion removed and C20 fixed light inserted. A single storey former cart shed is attached at the end of this wing. At the left hand, lower, gable end of the house is a 2-light wooden mullioned window with ovolo moulding and continuous slate drip-course and other drip-course higher up the gable. At the rear of the house is a large central storeyed porch with gabled slate roof. This has a square- headed doorway with ovolo-moulded wooden frame and plank door, slate drip-course above. To its left is a small single light granite framed window with no glass. Above the doorway is a 2-light granite mullion window with chamfer and hood mould plus a slate drip-course above. On the right hand side of the porch at the first floor is a single light granite framed window without glass. On the left hand side of the porch at ground level is a low opening leading into a small compartment lit by the single light on the front wall, possibly this was a dog kennel. Immediately to the right of the porch is a probably C18 lean-to outbuilding built mainly of cob in poor condition. To its right on the first floor is a 3-light C19 casement window with glazing bars. To the left of the porch a small early C20 lean-to outside lavatory is built against the rear wall of the hall. Immediately to its left is a rectangular projection housing the stairs rising at the back of the inner room. This has been partly re-built in concrete blocks but retains a small single light partly granite framed window opening. At the higher gable end is a ground floor window opening for the inner room, possibly original although all framing has been renewed. Interior: is remarkably unaltered and retains a very high percentage of original and early features which illustrate the high status of the house in the C16 and early C17. The room to the lower side of the through-passage is entered through a wooden ovolo-moulded doorframe with worn stops and C17 plank door on which each plank has beaded edges, with spear-ended strap hinges. There is a large open fireplace with chamfered wooden lintel which has hollow step stops. Built-in wooden seat below window and an adjoining wall to passage with small section of wooden partition screening seat from the doorway. The rough beams in the inner room were almost certainly designed to take a plaster ceiling. From the traces of a decorative frieze in the plasterwork of the walls it is likely that the ceiling was moulded. Enclosed wooden framed staircase. Slate slab floor. The passage also has a slate slab floor. on the far side of the door into the lower room is an adjoining wooden ovolo-moulded doorframe and identical door leading to a framed staircase which divides near the top one side leading to the chamber above the lower room and on the other leading to the chamber above the passage and the chamber above the rear porch; although the access to these is now blocked. Either side of the passage is a solid wall; The wall dividing hall from the passage shows no sign of a doorway and from the evidence of a beam above is likely to be a replacement of a plank and muntin screen. The cob wall at the upper end of the hall is original and has a blocked doorway at its rear end. On the hall side the plaster shows traces of painted murals although these are so fragmentary as to be unrecognisable as any particular pattern. The hall has never been ceiled. Its roof consists of 2 bays of principal rafters with curved feet, well cut but unchamfered, morticed at the apex with ridge resting in a v-notch. Cranked collar morticed into the trusses. 2 tiers of trenched purlins which are chamfered and stopped. The whole is moderately smoke-blackened particularly towards the passage end. The second truss which is over the partition to the passage, also moderately smoke-blackened. Beside the trusses a first floor stud and panel partition has been inserted which extends up to head height and is jettied over the wall dividing'hall from passage. The jetty projects approximately 1 foot and has chamfered joists curved at the ends. On the front wall of the hall is the blocked fireplace with massive granite lintel and monolithic granite jambs. On the rear wall (a chamfered wooden lintel) is evidence for a tall window. A solid cob wall, with doorway no longer visible, divides the hall from the inner room. The inner room fireplace is on the wall adjoining the wing. It is granite framed with a flat chamfer partially blocked with the stops not visible. To the rear of the inner room on one side is access to a small cellar room whilst on the other is a doorway to a winder stone newel stair. The doorway is wooden framed with chamfered depressed Tudor arch and jambs. Studded probably original door. The chamber above the inner room has a granite framed fireplace and moulded hearth-stone with chamfer and pyramidal stops. There is a doorway to the adjoining chamber in the wing which is identical to that leading to the stairs below. In the wing chamber another similar but smaller doorway leads to a garderobe contained in the angle between wing and main block whose shaft is now covered by a stone slab. The roof construction over the higher end and the wing differs from that over the hall. It also has principals with curved feet morticed at the apex with trenched purlins, but its collars are curved and halved onto the principals by an unusual form of elongated 'double' dovetail joint with the collar notched both at the top and the bottom where it meets the truss. The chamber above the passage has an ovolo-moulded wooden doorframe with double hollow stepped stops and C17 door similar to lower room. The chamber above the rear porch has an identical doorway but with no door. It also has a small granite framed fireplace with chamfer and pyramid stops. The chamber above this lower room is entered from the passage side through an ovolo-moulded wooden doorframe with worn stops and C17 door similar to the others. The other doorway to the chamber is chamfered with hollow step stops and identical door. In this chamber the bases of trusses with curved feet are visible. At the top of the stairs from the kitchen is a chamfered wooden doorframe with hollow step stops and identical door. This house would be a remarkable survival in any area, but in Cornwall where there are relatively few medieval houses and where the quality and quantity of early interior woodwork is generally poor, it is of outstanding importance as a high quality vernacular late-medieval hall house with a virtually intact interior. Being unoccupied, the house is particularly vulnerable;its condition is now deteriorating quite rapidly and its internal woodwork is particularly at risk should water start to penetrate. An alternative potentially more serious danger is that repair and modernisation work might be undertaken without a sufficient understanding of the importance of the house.

Listing NGR: SX3030488058


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 68147

Legacy System: LBS

End of official listing