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8 AND 9, QUAY STREET

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: 8 AND 9, QUAY STREET

List entry Number: 1146531

Location

8 AND 9, QUAY STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Lostwithiel

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 21-Apr-1976

Date of most recent amendment: 28-Aug-1987

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 70879

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

LOSTWITHIEL QUAY STREET, Lostwithiel SX 15 NW 10/127 Nos 8 and 9 (formerly listed as the - 21.4.76 range of buildings incorporating the remains of Stannary Prison) GV II*

House, incorporating parts of the former Great Hall of the Duchy Palace, used as the Stannary Prison; now 2 houses. The present form of the building dates from the early-mid C18, incorporating structure from the Great Hall of the late C13. Alterations and additions of the mid C19 and alterations of C20. Slatestone and granite rubble with granite and Pentewan stone dressings; front wing to right faced in artificial stone. Asbestos slate roof, hipped over main range and over front 2 wings. The Great Hall ran on a north/south axis; the front wall of the left wing, the south wall and the rear (west) wall, appear to be of late C13 construction. The north wall also appears to be of this date, being the party wall with the Convocation Hall (q.v.). The C18 building was an overall U-plan, with 2 front wings; it probably originally had a central entrance, with principal room to right and left, and small room in each front wing. The stair to rear left may be in its original position. The room to left in the main range is heated by a fireplace in a free-standing flue, leaving a passage space to the rear; in the rear wall, a recess which may be a former oven, and a Pentewan stone arch which may have been a fireplace, suggest that this may have been part of the Great Hall, no longer functional in the C18 and incorporated in the present building. In the C19 a single storey addition was made to the rear of No 8, for a kitchen, and a 2-storey addition was made to the rear of No 9. In the late C20, the 3-storey front right wing was reduced to 2 storeys. No 8 is to left and No 9 to right. Main range of 3 storeys, with 3-storey wing to left and 2-storey wing to right. At ground floor the main range has single chamfered granite light of 8 panes, C20 12- pane light, half-glazed door with timber lintel, possibly the main C18 entrance. The right side of the main range forms part of No 9, with 4-pane sash at ground and first floor. At first floor to left is a blocked window and two 12-pane sashes, all with granite lintels. 3 single lights with granite surrounds under eaves, formerly barred. The front wing to left is deeply chamfered off at the inner corner, and has a blocked arched doorway to front, probably formerly part of the Great Hall; the inner side of the wing has half-glazed door and C20 window at ground floor, two 12- pane sashes with granite lintels at first floor, and 2 similar single lights at 2nd floor, with granite surrounds, each of 8 panes. The wing to right, faced in C20 artificial stone, has half-glazed door to inner side; front has 4-pane sash at ground floor and 4-pane sash with sidelights at first floor. At the left side is a passage with flat arch, leading to the rear courtyard; at ground floor to right is a single light with C20 glazing. The rear has a 2-storey C19 addition with hipped roof to the rear of No 9, with two 4-pane sashes at first floor, 2 C20 windows and door at ground floor. To right, there is a small single storey addition, probably of early C19, in rubble, raised to right probably in early C20 with gable end. First floor of the main range has a 2- light casement with granite lintel, set in a deep recess, at 2nd floor a single light with granite surround under eaves. Over the passage at the left side, the front wall has been rebuilt above the arch, but the rear wall extends unbroken over the arch, with irregular joint over the southern side of the arch, partly rebuilt in brick. The passage was probably created in the C18. Interior The blocked entrance in the front left wing has a rear opposing doorway, said to have been arched, with granite floor to the rear. In the rear wall is a wide, chamfered segmental arch in Pentewan stone, with possible oven recess to left; the arch has a chamfered granite mullion set in the centre, probably for additional support when alterations were made in the C18. In the front left wing, there are 2 fireplaces in the end wall at ground floor, 3 at first floor and one at 2nd floor. To rear left, a winder stair, rebuilt, rising to 2nd floor level, possibly originally a service stair. The ground floor of the front wing has rough-hewn ceiling beams. There is a free-standing fireplace to the rear of the room in the main range, forming a rear lateral passage between the fireplace and the rear wall. At first floor, there are 2 rooms in the main range, with passage along rear; these have doors of double thickness, studded, with wide strap hinges hung directly on the pintles; at 2nd floor a further studded door to the room in the main range, where the Stannary prisoners were housed. At 2nd floor, the upper part of the walls and the ceiling are boarded, planks fixed with nails. There are 2 fireplaces on the rear wall. Roof appears rebuilt in C19, with straight principal rafters, lapped at the apices, and collars nailed to the faces of the principals. Interior of No 9 not inspected. The Duchy Palace was made up of a group of buildings, of which Nos 8 and 9 Quay Street form an integral part. In spite of later alterations, they are important as part of the group, and the windows at 2nd floor provide-evidence of their function in the C18. Before this, Stannary prisoners were probably kept in another building in part of the Duchy Palace, where there was also a weighing house and blowing house. (Sources: Pounds, N.J.G.: The Duchy Palace at Lostwithiel, Cornwall, in The Archaeological Journal, Volume 136, 1979).



Listing NGR: SX1047159707

Selected Sources

Books and journals
'The Archaeological Journal' in The Archaeological Journal, , Vol. 136, (1979)

National Grid Reference: SX1047159707

Map

Map
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End of official listing