Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: II

List Entry Number: 1146934

Date first listed: 16-Feb-1989



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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

Parish: High Bickington

National Grid Reference: SS 61694 20683


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Reasons for Designation

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Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


HIGH BICKINGTON SS 62 SW 5/85 Southwood Farmhouse and garden - walls adjoining to front


Farmhouse and adjoining garden walls. Late C15 or early C16 house, altered and enlarged probably in the early to mid C17, and altered in the late C17 to early C18. Minor mid to late C19 and late C20 altertions. Rendered cob on stone rubble plinth, with gable ended C20 thatched (reed) roof. Rear wing with stone rubble to ground floor, rendered cob to first floor and gable-ended Welsh-slate roof. Stone lateral stack to the front with C19 brick top, and stone end stacks to right and rear wing. Stone rubble garden walls. Plan and development: Three-room an through-passage plan, facing farmyard to north- west (ground falls to right). The late-Medieval house consisted of a hall and through passage, both open to the roof, unheated service room to right with first- floor over, and unheated inner room to left, also with a first floor. Full-height cob partition wall between hall and inner room, probable similar wall between passage and service rebuilt in the C19. The late Medieval house probably included a staircase in the rear of the hall giving access to the first floor over the service end (see recess in right-hand corner). The early C17 alterations included the insertion of a large external lateral stack to the front wall of the hall and an external end stack to the service room at the right, and the addition of a one-roomed plan 2-storey wing projecting at the rear of the hall, with an external end stack and a rear doorway (since blocked). The eaves were raised in the C17 also and a new roof built over the old one, and the Medieval roof over the hall appears to have been totally rebuilt. The first floor probably was not inserted in the hall until the late C17 or early C18. Mid to late C19 alterations included the rebuilding of the wall (stone rubble up to first-floor and stud partition above) between the passage and former service room, creating a narrower passage (see gap behind half beam in right-hand ground-floor room), and probably also the insertion of the staircase to the rear of the passage. Former passage rear doorway when staircase was inserted and new doorway was inserted in the rear wall of the right-hand room (former service room), which probably became the kitchen in the mid to late C19. Further C19 alterations probably included the addition of the front porch and the conversion of the former inner room into a dairy. C19 low walls enclosing the small front garden. Part of the adjoining mid to late C19 farmbuildings (q.v.), probably a former stable, was converted into domestic accommodation (present kitchen) in the late C20, with inserted windows. Two storeys. Exterior: Central large external lateral square stack to front has slated offsets to sides and offset to later brick shaft. Almost symmetrical fenestration to front, with 4 windows to first floor and 3 to ground floor; mid to late C19 two- and 3-light (hall window) wooden casements (some C20 replacements) with wooden lintels. Passage doorway to right of stack has C19 plank door with 3 glazed lights, C19 chamfered pegged wooden frame and C19 thatched - roof gabled stone porch. Left-hand gable end has first-floor C19 two-light wooden casement to left with wooden lintel and central projecting stone letters to high plinth. Pair of first-floor windows and ground- floor window with, wooden lintel, to rear of right-hand end of house. C19 doorway to right of ground-floor window with plank door, chamfered wooden frame and wooden lintel. Blocked former passage rear doorway (see wooden lintel), with inserted window. Blocked ground-floor window to right, at rear of inner room (see straight joints). Gable end of rear wing has first floor 3-light wooden casement to left of stack, with wooden lintel, and ground-floor 2-light wooden casement to right of stack, with wooden lintel, formerly doorway (see jambs continuing to ground level inside). Left-hand return front with first-floor 3-light wooden casement and ground- floor 2-light wooden casements. Low garden walls adjoining to front, with gateway to front and right-hand side. Interior: Hall has probably late C17 or early C18 ceiling with longitudinal joists (possibly formerly plastered). C17 fireplace with stone jambs (opening reduced in width at a later date) and high chamfered wooden lintel. Front window with seat. Square recess in right-hand rear corner of hall, evidence of possible former staircase. Entrance lobby has C19 matchboarded dado and C20 doors to left - and right-hand rooms. C19 staircase. Right-hand ground-floor room (former service room, latterly kitchen) has 2 chamfered cross beams with stepped stops, and plain joists. Left-hand beam is a half-beam, formerly against cob cross wall before it was rebuilt and moved in the C19 (see gap between beam and passage side-wall). C17 open stone fireplace to right (wooden lintel since removed). Evidence of former passage rear doorway in space beneath stairs (see jambs of inserted window continuing to floor level). Former inner room (latterly dairy) to left of hall has cambered chamfered spine beam with straight cut stops, quarry tile floor and low slate shelves on brick piers. Doorway between hall and ground-floor room of rear wing has C17 pegged cranked-arched wooden frame, with beaded square-headed outer surround on the hall side. Ground-floor room of rear wing has cambered chamfered C17 cross beams with stepped stops and later adze marks (probably to take later plaster, since removed). C17 fireplace to rear with stone jambs (opening later reduced in width) and chamfered wooden lintel with ogee stops. Window seat in side wall. Substantial remains of late - Medieval roof, over left-hand (inner room) end with purlins and diagonally-set ridge piece and over right-hand (service room) end with pairs of purlins and pegged rafters (ridge-piece removed, see socket in right-hand end wall). No smoke blackening on roofs over former service room and inner room. Full-height cob wall between hall and inner room, rising into attic, smoke blackened on hall side. Smoke-blackened post embedded in wall, with fork at top to take diagonally-set ridge-piece of former late-Medieval roof over hall (removed during the C17 reroofing). Top of partition wall raised slightly as part of the C17 reroofing (see lighter-coloured cob on top of wall). Top of C19 lath and plaster partition between bedroom over hall and former service end visible in roof-space, plastered on right-hand side. C17 roof over remains of Medieval roof with 3 trusses consisting of straight principals with mortice and tenoned apices and pegged lap-jointed collars, and diagonally-set ridge-piece. C17 rafters mostly removed during late C20 reroofing but some have been reused as purlins. The farmhouse forms part of a farmstead group, also including an 1-plan range of adjoining farmbuildings and a barn with an adjoining horse-engine house (q.q.v.).

Listing NGR: SS6169420683


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 91700

Legacy System: LBS

End of official listing