Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Statutory Address:


© Crown Copyright and database right 2021. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2021. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1154811.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 03-Aug-2021 at 05:20:28.


Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference:
NT 90647 47607


HORNCLIFFE NORHAM NT 9047 13/67 Norham Castle 22.12.69 I

Ruined castle of the bishops of Durham. Originally a motte-and-bailey castle of 1121 for Bishop Flambard. Rebuilt in stone c.1157 by Richard of Wolviston for Bishop Puiset. Of this period the keep and part of the masonry of walls and west gateway. C13 additions include the south wall of the outer ward and the great hall in the inner ward. The keep was extensively remodelled in 1422-25; finally much rebuilding, especially of the north wall, in 1513-15 for Bishop Ruthal. One of the turrets of south wall encased in Gothick cottage in the late C18 or early C19.

Inner ward with keep forming south-east corner. Outer ward with West Gate, and site of Sheep Gate in south curtain wall. Inner and outer moats.

Outer ward: large and quadrant-shaped on dramatic sloping site. West Gate in left-hand corner extensively altered C15 and C16 but the remains of the tunnel vault are C12. The barbican was added in the C15 and in front of it a stone causeway with a gap in the middle for a centrally-pivoted drawbridge. North wall has 3 casemates with cannon portholes. The south wall sub-structure only remains with parts of 13 or 14 arches which formed the base of the wall and were formerly buried in an embankment; also the lower courses of the Sheep Gate and'3 turrets. A 4th turret to the right of the sheep gate is covered by the Gothick cottage. The east wall is largely C12 but with a C16 turret.

Inner ward: of the gatehouse, great hall, great chamber and kitchen only the lower parts of the wall remain. They are against the north, east and west curtain walls. The keep is the most dramatic part of the castle. It is 84 x 60 ft. and c.90 ft. high. Most of the north wall has gone but the rest stands to full height. On the ground floor 3 tunnel-vaulted chambers, the vaults divided into bays by broad transverse ribs rising from flat pilasters; the bays lightly groined. On the first floor a very large round-arched recess. The west wall is largely a C15 rebuild and has a stone newel stair. Many C12, C13 and C15 window openings. Attached to south wall, lower courses of garderobe tower.

Norham Castle: D.O.E. : H.M.S.O. : 1966.

Scheduled Ancient Monument.

Listing NGR: NT9066147532


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Norham Castle, (1966)


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 19 Oct 1999
Reference: IOE01/00652/26
Rights: Copyright IoE Dr Edward Salthouse. Source Historic England Archive
Archive image, may not represent current condition of site.
To view this image please use Firefox, Chrome, Safari, or Edge.

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].