CHURCH OF ST ANDREW

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1163103
Date first listed:
21-Mar-1967
Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST ANDREW

Map

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Location

Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST ANDREW

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Devon
District:
West Devon (District Authority)
Parish:
Bere Ferrers
National Grid Reference:
SX 45935 63413

Details

BERE FERRERS BERE FERRERS SX 46 NW 7/17 Church of St Andrew

21.3.67

GV I

Parish Church. The principal building dates are the C13, circa 1330 and circa later C15, restored in 1871. Rendered stone rubble walls with granite and volcanic stone dressings. Gable ended slate roofs. 2 probably C19 lateral cylindrical stone chimney stacks to side of north transept and north chapel and at west end of south aisle. The church at present consists of nave, chancel, long north and south transepts, north chapel, south aisle, west tower and south porch. The earliest feature, the Norman font, signifies that a church existed probably on this site at that time. Features such as the lancet windows, and the nook-shafts to some of the internal window openings suggest some of the fabric at the church may be C13 but the church was probably extended and partially rebuilt in circa 1333 when Sir William de Ferrers founded an archpresbytery. The Cruciform plan may, however, date back to the C13; it is debatable whether the north chapel and tower also do so but from the style of its tomb the chapel is no later than early C14 and the tower is pre- Perpendicular. The south aisle was built on in the circa late C15 and the porch is probably contemporary. No substantial alterations were made subsequently apart from the insertion of some very late Perpendicular windows until the church was restored in 1871. Further restoration is at present (1985/6) taking place including a new roof. Small single stage unbuttressed west tower has corbel table at the top battlemented with four crocketted finials. The west doorway is probably original, of volcanic stone heavily moulded with a 4-centred arch. It has an arched hoodmould with labels. Attached to the tower on the south side is a small leanto which re-uses a similar but smaller doorway with double hollow chamfer. At the west end of the nave on the north side of the tower is a C13 granite lancet with cusped head. The north side of the nave has an early Decorated Y-tracery 2- light window to the right. To its left is a very late Perpendicular 3-light granite window with roundheaded lights, the mullions and jambs moulded, an arched hoodmould above. The west window of the transept is of Beer stone 3-light in the geometrical style of the Decorated period although it may have been partially restored. The large 3-light north window of the transept has reticulated tracery of volcanic stone. On the east side of the transept is a small volcanic stone chamfered doorway to the right with a basket arch, which was probably inserted in the C16 or C17. To the left is a 3-light Decorated window with trefoiled tracery and a quatrefoil above cusped lights. The window on its left has reticulated tracery similar to that at the north end of the transept. On the north side of the chancel are 2 identical C13 2-light windows with cusped lancets and a quatrefoil above. The north chapel projects at right angles from the chancel and has a window on its end wall which is made up of a mixture of granite volcanic stone and sandstone, somewhat restored, with intersecting tracery. Very fine early C14 east window in granite of 5 lights with intersecting tracery, some mullions have been restored. Wide buttress with shallow offsets to either side. The south aisle windows are all Perpendicular of 3 lights in granite and volcanic stone. The aisle has blocked a window on the east side of the transept of which the blocked arch and hoodmould are visible. In the angle between aisle and transept part of a stair projection in granite ashlar can be seen which housed the rood stairs. The south transept has shallow set-back buttresses at the corners. Its large south window is similar to the north transept, of 4 lights with reticulated tracery of the Decorated period in granite; its mullions have been restored. The west window of the transept is very late Perpendicular with 4 round-headed lights. The 2-storeyed south porch has a wide 4-centred arched granite doorway, triple- chamfered. Above it is a small granite-framed round-headed light. Very fine interior with features surviving from all main building phases. The porch has a good wooden ribbed ceiling, richly moulded with carved bosses, and showing the arms of the Ferrers family: three horseshoes. The south doorway is of granite with an acute 4-centred arch and hollow, double roll and hollow moulding. The internal walls are covered with C20 render. The nave has a 6-bay granite arcade to the south aisle with 2 arches to the chancel considerably lower. All have 4-centred heads. The piers have Pevsner type-A mouldings which run up into the arches and deep moulded capitals. Similar 4-centred chancel arch. The north transept arch is probably early C14 built of Roborough stone with a lower more acute 4-centred arch heavily moulded and with jambs consisting of three shafts, each with a shallow moulded capital. In the chancel the east window has nook shafts inside with a moulded 4-centred arch above. The windows on the north side of the chancel have chamfered rear arches. Also on this wall is a heavily moulded 2-centred granite arched doorway. On the south wall of the sanctuary is a trefoil-headed piscina adjoining which is a sedilia of 2 sewats with chamfered 2-centred arches above. In front of the altar is a marble slab with carvings on its edge of Tudor roses interlaced with leaves; this dates probably to the late C15 and may have formed part of an altar. The north transept also has nook shafts to its east and north windows. The stone course under the east windows indicates the former position of an altar. Also on this wall is a piscina with cinquefoiled head. At present standing in the transept is a large stone slab carved on one side with hexagonal tracery at the centre of which are 3 daisy-like flowers; its original position and function are not known. Just inside the transept on the west wall is a circa early C17 stone fireplace with basket arch, recessed spandrels and roll hollow and roll moulding. A squint in the east corner of the transept gives a view of the altar. Of the C15 rood screen only 2 sections of the panelling survive on which traces of painted figures survive. The benches with carved bench ends date probably from the arly C16. The front pew on the south side is carved with shields at either end, that on the aisle side has the coat of arms of the Willoughby de Broke family, 4 horseshoes and 5 rudders. The arch-braced timber roof dates from the restoration in 1985-6. The church has several fine memorials of varying dates. The most impressive is in an arch on the north side of the sanctuary separating it from the chapel. It consists of 2 stone effigies of a knight and a lady under an ornate arched canopy. It is debatable whom the effigies represent; Sir William de Ferrers and his wife Matilda who founded arch-presbytery would seem the most likely but as Beatrice Cresswell points out the clothing is of a different style to that of their representation in the C14 window and may well be older. This could suggest the first William de Ferrers, living in 1243, and his wife Isolda. The arch above is cusped under a crocketted gable, the cusps end in fine heads. In the gable are 2 censing angels. Stylistic elements of this tomb appear in the St James' Chapel of circa 1320 in Exeter Cathedral. At the east end of the north transept is the stone effigy of a knight in mail with crossed legs whose head rests on his helmet. It has been suggested that this represents Sir Reginald de Ferres who died probably early in the C14. Also in this transept is a fine chest tomb of Purbeck marble; its panelled sides bear shields within wreaths. Its inscription appears to have been erased but it is reputed to be that of Robert, Second Baron Willoughby de Broke who died in 1522. The church is also notable for its C14 stained glass in the east window which among other things depicts Sir William de Ferrers holding a church, and his wife Matilda with the Latin inscription "Wills Fereys me fecit". (For a detailed description of the glass see "A History of Bere Ferrers Parish"). This glass is reputedly the oldest in Devon except for a few of the windows in Exeter Cathedral. The girdle tub font is circa late Norman built of Hurdwick stone. The girdle is low set and decorated with nail-head ornament. Above are 4 projecting volutes one of which has broken; below is a leaf ornament. This is a particularly early church for South Devon, little altered since the C15 with the considerable survival is C13 and C14 fabric. As well as preserving a variety of early windows it also contains some particularly fine internal features. Source: Pevsner: Building of South Devon; Beatrix Cresswell: Churches in the Deanery of Tavistock; White's Directory 1878; Rev A J C Beddow: A History of Bere Ferrers Parish.

Listing NGR: SX4593663406

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
92605
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Beddow, Reverend A J C , A History of Bere Ferrers Parish
Cresswell, B F, Notes on Devon Churches in the Deanery of Tavistock
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: South Devon, (1952)
'Whites Directory' in Whites Directory, (1878)

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 06 Aug 2001
Reference: IOE01/05088/09
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Brian Richards. Source Historic England Archive
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