FORT SOUTHWICK

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1167213
Date first listed:
24-Sep-1987
Statutory Address:
FORT SOUTHWICK, PORTSDOWN HILL ROAD

Map

Ordnance survey map of FORT SOUTHWICK
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Statutory Address:
FORT SOUTHWICK, PORTSDOWN HILL ROAD

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Hampshire
District:
Winchester (District Authority)
Parish:
Southwick and Widley
National Grid Reference:
SU 62873 06997

Details

SU 60 NW SOUTHWICK AND WIDLEY PORTSDOWN HILL 13/12 Fort Southwick I One of a series of forts (Wallington (now demolished), Nelson, Southwick, Widley and Purbrook) along the chalk ridge of Portsdown Hill, built for the defence of Portsmouth against landward attack in the 1860s, and known as Palmerston's Folly. Brick walls of English bond, the outer face of the defensive walls are of flint with horizontal and vertical bands of brickwork and a blind arcade at the upper level. The structure is partly within and above the natural ridge; a polygonal plan with four vertical faces to the deep dry ditch, a fire step behind the parapet, and two-storeyed caponiers at the three corners (to give raking fire along the ditches). Within this outer framework is an embankment with open gun emplacements at the top. Below the central parade ground there are brick-lined passageways, ammunition stores, and staircases to the several points, and behind the caponier positions sunken embrasures for mortars. The rear (south) of the fort has a set of barracks, and the south face is a high brick wall, originally protected by a continuous ditch; there are entrances at each side, once approached by drawbridges, comprising bold 'Norman' doorways of stone, with recessed orders of mouldings, above columns. The fort contains many interesting details of fortification design. Scheduled Ancient Monument. Note: the southern part of the fort lies within the City of Portsmouth.

Listing NGR: SU6463209041

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
146608
Legacy System:
LBS

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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