CHURCH OF ST ANDREW

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1182845
Date first listed:
18-Feb-1958
Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST ANDREW

Map

Ordnance survey map of CHURCH OF ST ANDREW
© Crown Copyright and database right 2020. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST ANDREW

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Durnford
National Grid Reference:
SU 13642 38324

Details

DURNFORD - SU 13 NW 8/108 Church of St Andrew 18.2.58 1 Anglican parish church. Late C12, C13, C14 and C16, without major C19 restoration. Rendered flint with white limestone and greensand dressings. Tiled roof. Four-bay nave of C12, early C13 two-bay chancel, partly rebuilt in C13, and C13 tower. Late C15 or C16 north and south porches, the north porch rebuilt in brick, probably early C19. Nave and chancel have pilaster buttresses, splayed at foot, those to east altered C14 to offset buttresses. Nave has C15 two-light windows with square heads and cusping. Two C16 timber windows with leaded glazing on north. Chancel has lancets, triple at east end gathered under single arch, and small north low-side window. South chancel wall and south-east corner rebuilt and include C15 two-light window and shouldered priest's door. North porch originally timber framed, the side walls rebuilt in brick. Open cusped barge boards. South porch timber framed on flint sills. Posts with angle braces to tie-beams, and rafters with collars. Central wall posts have pyramid chamfer stops. Tower of 2 stages. Two-light bell openings and parapet on corbel table. North door has horizontal chevron order with carved hoodmould, a defaced mask at apex. Scalloped capitals, the nook shafts missing. Shuttlecock motif around tympanum of contrasted white and green stone. South door has nailhead and horizontal chevron orders and capitals on nook shafts, one missing. Chevron around tympanum which is covered with basketwork in contrasted white and green stones. Shouldered arch to door, and mass dials on jambs. Interior: Wide nave with trussed rafter roof divided into three bays by chamfered ties. Walls plastered and with wall paintings. Chancel arch has horizontal chevron outer order on capitals carved with grotesque dove and owl. Tall arches to north and south doors. Pointed tower arch of 2 orders. A blind inner arch of early C12 window on south side. C18 organ gallery on two Corinthian columns and fielded panelling to balcony front. Chancel has barrel vaulted rafters with tie-beam. Pointed rere-arches to window embrasures. Two aumbries in east wall. Floor flagged. Wall paintings: In nave, generalised swirl pattern in red line work. On south wall, a St Christopher(?) and Doom(?) over chancel arch. Marbling on east end of north wall and figure in niche painted in embrasure of north window. East wall of chancel has formal flowers on red lined masonry with a top frieze. Paintings not in a well preserved condition. Fittings: A remarkable collection of fine fittings and furniture. Font C12, a round bowl with compact interlocking arcades and scrolls over. Pulpit, on south, 1619, carved arched panels and wainscot of panelling behind, matched by reader's desk on the north side, having a top range and open balustrade on round columns. Pulpit hangings and cushion sign I.C 1657. C17 revolving lectern, bulbous acanthus carved stem with two sided book stand, the chained 'Replie to Harding's Answere' of 1565, and Jewel's 'Defence of the Apologie' (1567) stolen. Most pews of oak, C15 or C16, with panelled ends and a set of simple earlier medieval pews at the back of the church. C19 choir stalls. Elaborate traceried late C17 communion rail with knob finials to stanchions. Late C16 or C17 altar table with carved runners, legs and stretchers. Iron bound parish chest. Organ by George Jackson of Oxford in a Gothic case. Framed large Royal Arms of 1678 signed by John Pile and Henry Rakings. Monuments: In chancel, south side (a) Limestone tomb of 1607. Floor standing chest with niche over within three- centred arch. Pilasters and cornice. Within niche, a pictorial brass and inscription to Edward Younge of Little Durnford. Arms and fourteen children. (b) Floor standing limestone aedicule with attached Tuscan columns, entablature and pediment, to John Younge, member of the Long Parliament, died 1710. (c) Large limestone wall monument with pediment, side scrolls and apron, to Edward Younge, died 1720, relating family and personal history. (d) White marble tablet to Louisa Harris, died 1826, by Osmund. (e) Similar, to Hon Katherine Harrison, died 1834. (f) Marble plaque to Ari Vanshaick, servant of the Earl of Malmesbury, died 1799. (g) Ann Martin, servant to L. Harris, died 1820; (h) White marble with painted and engraved inscription to C.G.V. Tryon, Keeper of the Privy Purse 1949-71, died 1976, and (i) Marble tablet with apron and urn over, to Mrs. Louise Gout, governess, of Lausanne, died 1811. On south side of nave, two medieval wall tombs; (a) Ogee moulded canopy, the cusping broken, and (b) A three-centred moulded canopy over an engraved cross. Glass: In north nave window, reset pieces of a C15 bishop, a crucifixion and margin pieces. Pre-reformation Angelus bell in tower. C17 chair to reader's desk. (Pevsner: Buildings of England: WILTSHIRE)

Listing NGR: SU1364138327

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
321418
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Pevsner, N , The Buildings of England: Wiltshire, (1975)

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 06 May 2003
Reference: IOE01/10457/01
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Peter Hubbard. Source Historic England Archive
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