CHURCH OF ST JAMES

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1193084
Date first listed:
22-Aug-1966
Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST JAMES, HIGH STREET

Map

Ordnance survey map of CHURCH OF ST JAMES
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Location

Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST JAMES, HIGH STREET

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Avebury
National Grid Reference:
SU 09976 69968

Details

AVEBURY HIGH STREET SU 06 NE (north side) 11/85 Church of St James 22.8.66

GV I

Anglican parish church. C10, late C12, C13, C14, C15, 1812 and chancel restored 1879 by R.J. Withers. Dispersed sarsen and flint, with limestone dressings and ashlar west tower. Stone slate roof to porch, slate to nave, chancel and organ chamber, lead to aisles and screed to north aisle. Late Anglo-Saxon nave, with C15 aisles replacing late C12 narrower aisles. C13 chancel, replacing Saxon chancel, much rebuilt in 1879. C14 south porch and west tower. South porch, also largely rebuilt, with 4-centred arch and fine late C12 reset inner door. This has round arch on double nook shafts, the arch torus moulded with carved chevron and large nailhead outer orders. Corbel at apex. Windows to aisles 3-light Perpendicular, to chancel 2-light and 3-light east window, all with bar tracery. West tower of 3 stages, with angle buttresses and south east square to octagonal stair rising above crenellated parapet Low west door and large 4-light window over. Two light windows to ringing and bell chambers. Crocketed pinnacles to parapet. Aisles have crenellated parapet to independent roofs built at same time as tower. Interior: Tall Anglo-Saxon nave with two single chamfered windows at west end, rebated for shutters on outer face. Some contemporary wall plaster now within north aisle. Three of four original circular windows to clerestory with holes around. C10 walls pierced by C12 arcade of low arches, of which only keeled nook shafts of imposts survive insertion of later medieval arcade, of 2 bays, raised on tall Tuscan columns inserted in 1812. Ogee outer order to chamfered arches. Two light clerestory windows, C17 or later. Tall hollow chamfered tower arch; C15 roof with moulded ties, collars and purlins. Aisles have near flat roofs with moulded ties, and squints to chancel. North aisle has small piscina and stair to rood loft in east pier. Chancel has open timber barrel vault, walls rendered and colourwashed, and tiled floor. Reset piscina with quatrefoiled sink, and arched aumbry. Fittings: Font. A fine C12 barrel with bishop holding crozier flanked by dragons and scrolls. Close spaced arcading below. Pulpit: C19, dark oak. Roof Screen: Imposing panelled screen of C19, with apostles in lower panels against gilded fields, and above C19 coving, a rare complete C15 rood loft with coloured and gilded panelled front resting on beam on wall brackets, with trefoiled arches carrying steep crocketed gables, and friezes of leaves and grapes. Brass lectern. Choir stalls incorporate C17 panelling. Altar C19, with reredos of painted panels with crucifixion and angels. Organ in C19 organ chamber, by Maley of London. Monuments: North Aisle; three C19 wall tablets, to William Kemm, died 1853, and successors; a draped urn over corniced panel, by Harrison of Marlborough. Simple tablet to Elizabeth Brown, died 1835, also by Harrison, a tablet to John Brown, died 1839. On east wall a panel with Gothic border to Rev. John Mayo, died 1866. South Aisle: Limestone war memorial over door. In Chancel: North wall; A fine Carrara marble wall monument with arched pediment, Corinthian pilasters, gadrooned table on brackets and apron. Angels drawing back curtains over inscription to Dame Susanna Holford, died 1772. Drapes at side. Also 2 wall tablets, white marble on grey to William Tanner, died 1847, draped urn over, by Reeves of Bath, and gabled wall tablet to another William Tanner. South side: Carved limestone aedicule with strapwork crest and apron containing 3 brasses, to John Truslowe, erected by his son, 1593. Also a white marble tablet on grey, to John Mayo, died 1830, by Reeves and a small tablet to William Tanner, died 1826, also by Reeves. Brasses: Brass of priest, William Bayly, died 1427, brought from Berwick Bassett Church (q.v.) and C19 brass in north aisle. Miscellaneous: Restored hatchment under tower to Lt Gen Sir Alan Williamson, died 1798, and Royal Arms of George III. Also parts of C17 bellcage. Furniture: In north aisle, a panelled chest dated 1634 IG. TS and in choir, a C17 chair. Sculpture: Reset in porch, part of Anglo-Saxon baptismal scene and various C12 fragments. In west wall of nave externally, part of Anglo-Saxon cross built into the later Saxon fabric. (N. Pevsner: Buildings of England: WILTSHIRE; Taylor & Taylor, Anglo-Saxon Architecture, 1965, 32-34; C.E. Ponting in W.A.M., 21 1883-4)

Listing NGR: SU0997669969

This List entry has been amended to add the source for War Memorials Online. This source was not used in the compilation of this List entry but is added here as a guide for further reading, 27 October 2017.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
311506
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Wiltshire, (1963)
Taylor, H M, J , , Anglo Saxon Architecture, (1965), 32-34
'Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine, , Vol. 21, (1884)
Websites
War Memorials Online, accessed 27 October 2017 from https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/memorial/174044

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 14 Feb 2001
Reference: IOE01/03353/12
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr B.J.W. Heath. Source Historic England Archive
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