Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
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Ordnance survey map of CHURCH OF ST NICHOLAS
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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

St. Edmundsbury (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
TM 01861 78302



2/63 Church of St. Nicholas 14.7.55 I

Parish church. Circa 1300 and later. Nave, chancel, west tower, south aisle and south porch, mainly in rubble flint, with a small admixture of freestone. Freestone dressings and facings to some buttresses. Roofs, thatched until the early C20, now covered in stone slates. The south aisle has a separate gabled roof. It has very fine windows and is said to have been built by Edmund Gonville, founder of Gonville Hall, later Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, who was rector here circa 1340. A 5-light east window with fragments of C14 glass and a 3-light west window, both with cusped intersecting tracery, and 2 2-light windows on the south wall, one with pointed-trefoiled lights and 3 circles with quatrefoils in the head, similar to the south windows at Rickinghall Inferior. Plain south porch with diagonal buttresses, simple pointed arch to doorway, 2 Y-tracery windows with hood- moulds over, shallow-pitched roof with gable-end cross. South doorway with quarter-round mouldings, leaf capitals, and an empty cinquefoil-headed niche above. The 5-light east window in the chancel has an unusual variant of intersecting tracery: ogee arches to the lights, and small motifs interpolated in some of the intersecting fields. Tower in 3 stages with an embattled stone parapet. 2-light Perpendicular west window with empty niche above; a small circular quatrefoil window to each face of the 2nd stage, and 2-light windows with intersecting heads to the top stage. Interior much restored in 1872, when the pulpit and seating were replaced, and again in 1895, when the chancel was reroofed in Spanish chestnut. Many older features remain: a simple octagonal font, standing on a large plain column with a low raised base; the doorways and stair to the rood loft behind the pulpit; C14 arcade in 4 bays on south side: octagonal piers without capitals, quarter-round mouldings to arches. In the south-east corner of the aisle a fine angle piscina, restored, with naturalistic foliage, pointed trefoil arch enriched with dog-tooth ornament, and a gable with ballflower. Piscina and sedilia also in chancel. The chancel and south aisle both have medieval stone altars with recut consecration crosses, which were reinstated during the 1895 restoration. A large squint at the south-east end of the nave has a small brass with inscription to Anne Caley (c.1500) below it. On the south wall of the aisle an alabaster and marble monument to Henry Buckenham (d.1648) and Dorothy his wife (d.1645): 2 demi-figures in an arched niche with looped-up curtains, and a son and daughter below in oval niches. On the north wall of nave, an C18 wooden panel with the Flight into Egypt carved in high relief, probably Italian. The windows contain a particularly large amount of old crown and cylinder glass. In the floor of the base of the tower are 3 small black tiles, set diamondwise, and variously inscribed WR1735, SR1744 and ER1721.

Listing NGR: TM0186178302


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 17 Aug 2001
Reference: IOE01/03411/35
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Raymond Warren. Source Historic England Archive
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