Tithe Barn at Manor Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1198376
Date first listed:
20-Dec-1960
Date of most recent amendment:
02-Dec-2016
Statutory Address:
Manor Farm, East Street

Map

Ordnance survey map of Tithe Barn at Manor Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Statutory Address:
Manor Farm, East Street

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Lacock
National Grid Reference:
ST9165668456

Summary

A C14 tithe barn associated with Lacock Abbey.

Reasons for Designation

The Tithe Barn, Lacock, dating from the C14, is listed at Grade I for the following principal reasons: * Architectural interest: an outstanding and remarkably intact example of a C14 barn; * Historic interest: for its association with the medieval Lacock Abbey, and its subsequent agricultural use and position within the village of Lacock; * Degree of survival: the building retains a high proportion of its medieval fabric, displaying construction and carpentry techniques; * Group value: it has strong group value with surrounding buildings and the village of Lacock as a whole.

History

Lacock Abbey was founded c.1230 by Ela, Countess of Salisbury, as an Augustinian nunnery. The barn at Manor Farm was built in the C14, most likely forming part of the precinct wall of the Abbey, and was used for the storage of agricultural produce . Following the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the barn was in general agricultural use, and is understood to have later been used as a market hall for part of the C18, before returning to agricultural use in the C19. The Lacock Abbey estate, including the tithe barn, was taken over by the National Trust in the mid-C20.

Details

A C14 tithe barn associated with Lacock Abbey.

MATERIALS: the barn is constructed of rubble limestone under a stone slate roof.

PLAN: the barn is aligned roughly north-south, with the main entrance to the west and a projecting wing to the east.

EXTERIOR: the barn is entered through large timber doors on its western side, through a square opening which sits roughly centrally along the elevation, which is otherwise plain with no openings and sits under the tall roof of stone slates. The southern gable end, which is angled NW-SE, has an inserted arched opening at ground floor level which was later blocked, and three rectangular ventilation openings in the gable above a drip course, with a moudled stone at the apex. The south gable and west wall stand on plinths which have dressed limestone blocks above. The northern end, which adjoins the adjacent lock-up, has a square opening with a timber door at the upper level of the gable. The projecting east wing has a further set of large timber doors, with smaller doors in the north and south walls, that to the north with a pointed arch.

INTERIOR: the interior of the barn is divided into eight bays by the roof structure of raised cruck trusses with arch-braced collars, the crucks supported on dressed stone blocks. There are two purlins on each pitch, with windbraces between the lower purlins and the wallplates. The east wing has two raised cruck trusses with arch-braced collars and windbraces, and one purlin to each pitch. The wing has iron rods at tie-beam level. Some of the timbers have carpenter's marks, and some have apotropaic protection symbols. The floor of the barn is of beaten earth.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
315533
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Wiltshire, (1999), p. 289
Websites
Pastscape record no. 212175, accessed 19.09.16 from https://pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=212175&sort=4&search=all&criteria=lacock%20barn&rational=q&recordsperpage=10
Wiltshire and Swindon Historic Environment Record no. MW14791, accessed 19.09.16 from http://www.wiltshire.gov.uk/artsheritageandlibraries/museumhistoryheritage/wiltshireandswindonhistoricenvironmentrecord/wshermap.htm?a=d&id=16263
Other
Wiltshire Buildings Record no. 00242.1

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 05 Mar 2001
Reference: IOE01/03676/06
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Jeffery Bartlett. Source Historic England Archive
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