THE GREAT GATEHOUSE

Overview

Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: I

List Entry Number: 1202132

Date first listed: 04-Mar-1977

Statutory Address: THE GREAT GATEHOUSE, COLLEGE GREEN

Map

Ordnance survey map of THE GREAT GATEHOUSE
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1202132 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 15-Nov-2018 at 04:33:43.

Location

Statutory Address: THE GREAT GATEHOUSE, COLLEGE GREEN

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: City of Bristol (Unitary Authority)

National Grid Reference: ST 58278 72686

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BRISTOL

ST5872NW COLLEGE GREEN 901-1/15/73 (South side) 04/03/77 The Great Gatehouse

GV I

Gatehouse. C12 archway built for Augustinian abbey founded 1140, included in late C15 gatehouse, restored and extended mid C19 by J Pearson. Limestone ashlar with exterior stacks and a lead roof. Single-depth plan. Norman style gateways, Perpendicular Gothic style gatehouse and tower. 3 storeys; 3-window range. A central gatehouse has a finely carved semicircular-arched C12 gateway, with twisted columns to an arch with beaded chevrons, and an architrave with Celtic-style interlacing. The S side has 3 orders with cushion capitals. C19 buttresses, C15 inscribed cornice, and rosettes to the spandrels, beneath a 2-storey canted oriel with 4-light mullion and transom windows, raised flowers to the panels beneath, and flanking 2-storey statue niches with canted canopies and statues of kings. A band of quatrefoil panels below a cornice, blind panelling to the crenellated parapet with crocketed pinnacles to the angles. The single-storey gatehouse to the right has a smaller pedestrian archway, similar mouldings, but with the architrave inside the arch. C15 first-floor mullion window with Tudor-arched heads. C19 single-storey block to the left has an angle buttress, and a 2-centre doorway in the return with a crocketed hood, and ridged door. Behind is a C15 three-stage tower with moulded strings and matching panelled parapet, and an exterior stack with panelled top. In the re-entrant is an octagonal stair turret to a panelled top, and a crocketed ogee cap. The rear elevation has 4 storeys of 3-light mullion windows. INTERIOR: the main archway has 2 quadripartite vaulted bays separated by a chevron-moulded arch; the sides have arcades of pointed-arched niches formed from intersecting semicircular arches, with columns to cushion capitals and rope mouldings. The Gatehouse has upstairs rooms with Tudor-arched fireplaces, and oriels with tracery panels to the soffits; stone winder stair. The decoration of the arches and inner sides of the archway, with the Chapter House (qv), is among the earliest use of the pointed arch, and '...anticipated the impending Gothic' (Gomme). (The Buildings of England: Pevsner N: North Somerset and Bristol: London: 1958-: 386).

Listing NGR: ST5828472684

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 379315

Legacy System: LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: North Somerset and Bristol, (1958), 386

End of official listing