Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Statutory Address:


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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

South Somerset (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:



ST4409 SOUTH STREET 876-1/7/161 (South side) 06/09/74 Old Viney Bridge Mill


Mill. Late C18/early C19 with later C19 additions. MATERIALS: limestone rubble with slate and pantile roofs. PLAN: linear plan at an almost right angle to South Street with former engine house flanked by workshops for weaving etc. EXTERIOR: 2 storeys; the (north) left-hand range of 6-window range has a Ham Hill stone Tuscan doorcase with an open pediment, ornamental fanlight and 2 raised and fielded panels of a former 6-panel door; all the windows have gauged segmental stone arches; cast-iron frames of 5 rows of 7 panes to the ground floor, C20 casements to the first floor. The engine house, attached to the right of 2-storeys, one-window range, with C20 high sliding double doors with fixed 8/8 window immediately above. To the right of the engine house is a 5-window range; 4 similar cast-iron windows and some C20 to first and ground floor. The next late C19 range is single-storey; 6-window range with segmental brick arches under wooden lintels and cast-iron frames similar to the first range. C20 doors, one to the far right, and the inside right window is raised above a door. To the right is a cottage with a datestone of 1793, probably repositioned, in the right gable end below a brick stack; the facade and eaves level is continuous with the range to the left but the roof is separate and more steeply pitched over 2 storeys; one-window range. The window to the right-of-centre of the first floor is a 3-light casement at eaves level, the 3-light casement below is under a wide gauged segmental arch, the doorway to the left, now a window, has a flat arch. A mid C19 range to the far right, with a pantile roof, is 7-window range with 4 large plates to tie-bars between the floors, double doors to both floors to left-of-centre and a lower, pantiled-roofed loading bay to the left. INTERIOR: the engine house has a 2-storey arched recess to a former flywheel in the left-hand wall and an early C19 queen post roof structure; heavy beams to floors supported by later C19 cast-iron columns. HISTORY: an early watermill existed near this site before the present structure which became the centre of a cottage industry and community producing webbing for girths, etc. The production of webbing, sailcloth, hair seating and later shirts was the dominant industry in Crewkerne, girth-web weaving being documented from 1698. This factory was set up in 1789 by Samuel Spark (d.1827) a Crewkerne solicitor, and Bartholemew Gidley (d.1812). (Victoria County History: Somerset: Oxford: 1978-: P.21).

Listing NGR: ST4487609155


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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Books and journals
Page, W, The Victoria History of the County of Somerset, (1978), 21


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 09 May 2004
Reference: IOE01/12354/09
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Duncan Miller. Source Historic England Archive
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