WHITCHURCH CANONICORUM CHURCH (ST CANDIDA AND HOLY CROSS)

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1227942
Date first listed:
05-Sep-1960
Statutory Address:
WHITCHURCH CANONICORUM CHURCH (ST CANDIDA AND HOLY CROSS)

Map

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Location

Statutory Address:
WHITCHURCH CANONICORUM CHURCH (ST CANDIDA AND HOLY CROSS)

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Dorset (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Whitchurch Canonicorum
National Grid Reference:
SY3968195442

Details

SY 39 NE 2/179 5.9.60

WHITCHURCH CANONICORUM WHITCHURCH VILIAGE Whitchurch Canonicorum Church (St Candida and Holy Cross)

G.V. I

Parish Church and former Minster Church. Church has material of C12, C13, C14 and C15 and modern additions and restorations. West Tower, nave with clerestory, north and south aisles, south porch, north and south transepts, chancel, south vestry. Lias stone ashlar walls, slate roofs. Tower C15. 4 stages. Set back buttresses, crenellated parapet and renewed crocketed finials. West door with heavily moulded jambs intersecting the plinth mouldings. Plant-motifs in spandrels and quatrefoil shielded frieze over. Two statue niches left and right of cross-transomed west window. 2-light bell openings with quatrefoil head over. Carved panels on south wall of Tower, one with Viking ship. South elevation: south aisle wall C12, C13 with renewed reticulated window tracery. Porch C15, one storey, diagonal buttresses, massive carved grotesques. Pointed arch-entrance with 2 respond orders. Cambered tie beam roof inside. Inside: late C12 doorway, with nook shafts, late water leaf capitals, arch-moulds include projecting dog tooth and hood-roll with gripping beak-head at apex and with beak-head terminals. South transept, C13, west face with E.E. lancets, straight chamfered, deep hollow and big roll, keeled roll-label over. South window: 3-light trefoil-cusped with intersecting ogees leading up to a mandorla-head with quatrefoil fill, C14. South vestry, rebuilt 1822 in coursed knapped flint. Chancel with 2 EE lancets with original labels. Blocked trefoil-headed priest's doorway with heavy keeled roll over. East wall of chancel rebuilt 1847-8, 3 stepped lancets. Late C12 keeled angle shafts from carved faces at top incorporated. North elevation, North transept shows back of St Wite's shrine projecting. East wall has a window c 1300. North aisle rebuilt, has plain parapets. Interior: nave of 5 bays plus one for transepts. South arcade, c 1170, round piers with scallop and water-leaf capitals. Labels with one beak-head and large naturalistic heads as spandrel-stops. North arcade, c 1190 4-respond shafts, standing on bases and plinths. Capitals, derived from transept-scallops with conventional and more naturalistic foliage. Heavily moulded pointed arches, one with free- standing double-chevron. Nave extended one bay west in c C14. Clerestorey windows, quatrefoils with rere-arches over arcade-spandrels. Wooden waggon- roof, bossed at intersections, C15. North transept with clustered respond- shafts, with similar capitals to above and rings. South transept windows with respond-framing. Chancel-arch with triple-respond shafts, naturalistic foliage and wide pointed arch. Segmental barrel-vault. Fittings: Shrine of St Wite (north transept), stone with Purbeck marble top. Tomb chest built over 3 mandorla-shaped openings for pilgrims' offerings, healing, C13. Font, late C12, stone bowl with intersecting arcading, chip-carved saltire band over, rope- moulded base. Purbeck marble stem. Pulpit, c 1630, wood, octagonal on trumpet- stem, with Carolean ornament. Wall tomb, early C17 to Sir J Jeffery of Catherston, d 1611. Tomb chest, stone effigy and fine carved framing. "RCHM Dorset I", p 260 (1) ff.

Listing NGR: SY3968195442

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
402421
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Inventory of Dorset, (1974), 260

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 15 Apr 2004
Reference: IOE01/10966/25
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Derek Beauchamp. Source Historic England Archive
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