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List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.


List entry Number: 1237988



The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: Central Bedfordshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Southill

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 16-Jan-1952

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 415219

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

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Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.



13/225 Southill Park House 16.1.52


Country house. C17 origins, altered earlier C18 (probably by Isaac Ware) for the Byng family, by the addition of wings and pavilions to W and E. Purchased 1795 by Samuel Whitbread I, brewery founder and MP for Bedfordshire. Extensively remodelled 1795-1800 for Samuel Whitbread II by Henry Holland. Holland reworked the central block and the outer pavilions, and rebuilt the linking wings. Walls refaced in Portland and Totternhoe stone. Slate roofs. Central block is of 3 storeys and attics with slightly projecting pedimented bay both to N and S. This block is linked to 2 2-storeyed pedimented pavilions to W and E by ranges of one storey and attics. A basement runs the whole length of the building and is lit from the N. N entrance front: rather plain. The ground floor of the central block and both floors of the side pavilions are rusticated, the rest is in smooth ashlar. 3:4:1:3:1:4:3 window facade, all the original sashes replaced by plate glass casements. The only front entrance is an inconspicuous door in the W bay of the central block. To the centre of the middle bay is a single storey canted bay window. A porte- cochere was added late C19 at the W end, which became the main entrance. A balustrade on the edge of the basement well shields the basement from view. To the E a low 2-storeyed service wing adjoins, of white brick with slate roof. This II window range has a Venetian window at each end, and sash windows with glazing bars in between. S garden front: same arrangement of rustication. Fenestration arranged 3:3:1:3:1:3:3, again mostly with later casements, but retaining some original sashes with glazing bars to the ground floor of the main block and link wings. Portico to central bay of main block, loggie to link wings, all with paired lonic columns and surmounted by balustrades. To E end is later C19 orangery, of red brick, with stone pilasters separating the 6 tall mullion and transom windows. Hipped glass roof. Eaves cornice surmounted by stone urns. Interior: retains most of Holland's original decoration. Hall has some plaster relief sopraportes by George Garrard, whilst the drawing room and boudoir ones are paintings by Sawrey Gilpin. The painted boudoir ceiling and some other panels are by A L DelabriƩre.

(C Hussey, "Southill Park", Country Life, 12th July 1930, PP 42-48; 19th July 1930, pp.80-86; 26th July 1930, pp.108-114. C Hussey (ed.), Southill, A Regency House, London, 1951. D. Stroud, Henry Holland, His Life and Architecture, London, 1966.)

Listing NGR: TL1433342066

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Hussey, C, Southill a Regency House, (1951)
Stroud, D, Henry Holland His Life and Architecture, (1966)
'Country Life' in 26 July, (1930), 108-114
'Country Life' in Country Life, (1930)
'Country Life' in 19 July, (1930), 80-86
'Country Life' in 12 July, (1930), 42-48
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England, Part 2 Bedfordshire,

National Grid Reference: TL 14333 42066


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End of official listing