Building D34 (fire station) at Boots Factory Site


Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:
Statutory Address:
Building D34 (fire station) at Boots Factory Site, Dunkirk Industrial Estate, 1 Thane Road, Beeston, Nottinghamshire


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Statutory Address:
Building D34 (fire station) at Boots Factory Site, Dunkirk Industrial Estate, 1 Thane Road, Beeston, Nottinghamshire

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Broxtowe (District Authority)
Non Civil Parish
National Grid Reference:


The fire station at the Boots factory, known as D34, erected in 1938 to the designs of Sir Evan Owen Williams, with additions of c1978.

Reasons for Designation

Building D34, the fire station at the Boots factory site, erected in 1938, to the designs of Sir Evan Owen Williams, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

* Architectural Interest: it is a model in engineering design of its neighbour D6, and has significant architectural interest;

* Architect: it was designed by Williams, one of the most influential and innovative engineering architects of the C20;

* Historic Interest: it is an outstanding example of reinforced concrete engineering, with unprecedented 9 metre cantilevers in the single-storey wings;

* Group Value: strong group value with Buildings D10 and D6, listed at Grade l, (for which it acted as the fire station) and D90, listed at Grade ll*.


Jesse Boot, son of John Boot, of the Boots Pure Drug Co., now Boots UK, took the decision to construct a model factory in the 1920s and acquired 156 acres of land to the south of Beeston. In constructing his purpose-built factory Jesse Boot made direct reference to American corporate working models aimed at creating a modern industrial environment – spacious, light and healthy for the workers – alongside the introduction of efficient, process-driven design. The modular, extendable and process-driven scheme reflected the fast changing needs of industrial production. Such concepts of appropriateness and suitability for purpose – using the latest structural techniques and materials – were a driving force in the construction of D10, the wet processes factory (constructed 1930-32) and D6, the dry processes factory (constructed 1937-38), both designed by the civil engineer Sir Evan Owen Williams.

D34, the site fire station, was also constructed in 1938 possibly to quell fires in the dry processes factory near which it sits, and also perhaps as a test model for the innovative construction of D6. It has a small side extension added in c.1978.


MATERIALS A reinforced concrete external frame with cantilever beams.

PLAN Rectangular in plan, the building is 8 bays deep and 3 bays wide.

EXTERIOR The fire station has a concrete plinth and concrete roofs. The higher, central appliance house has clerestory windows and is flanked by a single-storey, parapeted addition. There are metal, Crittall windows. The front entrance has central, full height doors flanked by single casements in set back wings and in each return angle, full-height glazing. The square hose tower has diagonal bracing, with glass brick infill. A long lamp-light is attached to the wall at the top centre of the entrance. The structural engineering of this building is similar to that of the D6 building and is of the same date. Additions of c.1978 are not of special interest.

INTERIOR The interior has a glazed tile dado.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
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Books and journals
Harwood, E, Pevsner Architectural Guides: Nottingham, (2008)
'Architects' Journal' in Extensions: Boots Factory, Beeston, Notts., (29 December 1938)
Rijke, A de, 'Concrete Quarterly' in Favourtite Buildings, (Winter 2003)
Monckton, L and Smith, P, Nottingham: The Creation of a City's Identity EH Research Report series 22/2009, 2009,


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 20 Aug 2007
Reference: IOE01/16797/11
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr John Lewis. Source Historic England Archive
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