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List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.


List entry Number: 1253792



The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Calne Without

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 15-Dec-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 31-Jul-1986

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 436850

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


ST 97 SE CALNE WITHOUT CHURCH ROAD, Derry Hill (south side)

2/50 The Golden Gates

15.12.72 (formerly listed as Golden Gates at Bowood House)


Entrance arch and tower, 1834-8 by Sir Charles Barry for 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne. Ashlar, Italianate style. Monumental composition of balustraded triple gateway flanked by high campanile tower to right and small Italianate lantern to left. Screen walls each side, one with C20 lodge behind. Central arched gateway with console keystone and impost band carried over plain square headed pedestrian gates. Attached Ionic columns flank arch, under richly carved dentil cornice with pulvinated frieze inscribed PAX INTRANTIBUS ET HABITANTIBUS. Armorial roundels over pedestrian gates. Top balustrade with piers and urns. Flanking section to left has incised rustication, mouldings carried around from centre gateway and shallow pyramid-roofed lantern with arched opening each side. Main tower to right of 3 stages. Lower stage with mouldings carried around, arched-head window breaking through band with incised rustication each side. Above band, only angles are rusticated. High second stage with rusticated angles, pedimented window on each face with sill course below. Moulded cornice under top stage belvedere of paired arched openings with arches carried on columns paired in depth. Keystones, moulded arches and imposts. Panelled angle piers. Bracket cornice with diamond faced blocks between brackets and shallow pyramid roof. Screen walls each side divided by rusticated piers and terminated at rusticated corniced piers with ball finials. Ornate iron gates. Rear is similar but 2 eroded sculpted roundels by M.L. Watson (1847) appear in place of armorial plaques. A major work of the C19 Italianate style. Designs in British Architectural Library, London. (Builder, 1845, 83; C.L., 22.6.1972)

Listing NGR: ST9569070495

Selected Sources

Books and journals
'Country Life' in 22 June, (1972)
'The Builder' in The Builder, , Vol. 83, (1845)

National Grid Reference: ST 95690 70495


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End of official listing