Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: II*

List Entry Number: 1256253

Date first listed: 10-Jan-1986

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Sep-1996

Statutory Address: HUNSLET MILL, 23 AND 25, GOODMAN STREET


Ordnance survey map of HUNSLET MILL
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Statutory Address: HUNSLET MILL, 23 AND 25, GOODMAN STREET

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Leeds (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Non Civil Parish

National Grid Reference: SE3147732147



SE3132 GOODMAN STREET, Hunslet 714-1/44/867 (North side) 10/01/86 Nos.23 AND 25 Hunslet Mill (Formerly Listed as: GOODMAN STREET, Hunslet Hunslet Mill)


Flax mill. 1838 and c1842. Probably by William Fairbairn for John Wilkinson, with later alterations by John Clark. Red brick with stone details, slate single and double-gable roof, brick parapet, stone coping. L-shaped plan. East range: 7-storey mill of 25 bays on river edge and 3 bays to Goodman Street facade, 5-sided stair tower to rear; regular fenestration, stone string courses and cornice, 2 brick pilaster strips to corners; 6 bays to right have a regular pattern of round tie plates on upper storeys. South range, fronting Goodman Street, of offices and warehouse: 2, raised to 3, storeys, 10 bays to left and 12 bays to right of slightly projecting 3-bay entrance block with remains of wooden gate in carriage entrance flanked by pedestrian doorways in a facade of banded rusticated masonry with voussoirs; central part-blocked 3-light window flanked by single lights all in architraves with cornice over; regular fenestration, slightly cambered rubbed brick arches, divided by 2 pilaster strips to left and right of entrance. Rear: not seen in detail, regular fenestration with a 5-sided projecting stair tower to left. INTERIOR: offices have remains of fine Greek/Egyptian-style plasterwork to ceilings and shutters to windows; the east range frame comprises 3 longitudinal rows of cylindrical cast-iron columns supporting inverted T-section 'elliptical/parabolic' beams developed by Eaton Hodgkinson in the 1820s and carrying brick fire proof arches and stone flag floors. The south block front has 2 rows of cast-iron columns and construction of similar type. HISTORICAL NOTE: John Wilkinson (1799-1856) was renting the Trafalgar Mill, Meadow Lane in 1830 for flax spinning and bought a field on the bank of the River Aire in 1840 from George Goodman and building began immediately. William Fairbairn was the leading engineer and designer of mill buildings in the first half of the C19 and was responsible for Armley Mills from 1805 (qv) and Saltaire Mill, 1850. In 1842 John Clark was employed as architect, probably for the

refronting of the Goodman Street facade when the range was raised from 2 to 3 storeys. By 1847 Wilkinson employed 1500 female flax reelers in the largest single-build mill in Leeds. After several fires in the 1860s Hunslet Mill was offered for sale in 1869. The last and individually the largest of the great flax-spinning mills built in Leeds throughout the 1820s and 30s, the first having been established by John Marshall, Marshall Mills (qv). The west range was demolished in 1986. In a very derelict condition at time of survey. For detailed architectural record of the building and its history see RCHME report. (RCHME: Goodall I & Giles C: Hunslet Mill, Goodman Street, Hunslet, Leeds, W Yorks (M179): 1985-; Industrial Archaeology Review: Fitzgerald RS: Development of cast-iron frame in textile mills to 1850: 1988-: 142; Binney M, Langenbach R & Powell K (SAVE): Satanic Mills: Industrial Architecture in the Pennines: 1979-).

Listing NGR: SE3147732147


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 465102

Legacy System: LBS


Books and journals
Langenbach, M, Binney, R, Bowell, K, Satanic Mills Industrial Architecture in the Pennines, (1979)
'Industrial Archaeology Review' in Industrial Archaeology Review, (1988), 142

End of official listing