Heritage Category:
Listed Building
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Statutory Address:


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Statutory Address:
Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Maldon (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
TL 84906 07084



TL8407SE SILVER STREET 574-1/6/194 (North West side) 02/10/51 No.3 Blue Boar Hotel


Includes: No.12 PRINCES STREET. Hotel. Late C14, C16 and early C19. Main range is timber-framed with front of Suffolk white brick in Flemish bond; roof of this is hipped and of plain tiles. Various rear ranges with roofs of plain tiles or slate and walls of brickwork render or weatherboarding. EXTERIOR: front range of 3 storeys with cellar; 5-window range; others largely of 2 storeys arranged to frame a narrow courtyard. The Silver Street elevation has a plain parapet with 2 low steps up to the centre. The 2nd floor has square recessed 16-pane sash windows with painted rubbed brick flat arches. The 1st floor has similar, but deeper, windows and an Inn sign in elaborate wrought-iron bracket. On the ground floor is an off-centre Tuscan porch with dentilled cornice and segmental-bowed front. The pair of doors each have 2 moulded panels over a flush panel and a rectangular fanlight over. Either side are bay windows, one square C20 with very small panes and one cant-sided with large panes. Elliptical-headed carriage arch with painted timber gates gives access to yard. Ground floor also has a single 16-pane sash window with bullseye glass and an entrance door with semicircular head, semicircular leaded fanlight and 2 raised-and-fielded panels. The rear of this range is rendered where not obscured by other structures and there are two 12-pane sash windows and a rear wall stack. The historically most important elevation is the north-east face of a long range immediately south-west of the carriage arch. Beneath the arch a wall of substantial timber-framing with arch bracing is exposed with 2 small-paned fixed-light windows. To the rear of the arch, a short length of this structure is revealed over its full 2 storeys with a remnant of the plain tile roof. To the rear of this (north-west) is a long jettied 2-storey range, partially underbuilt but with the framing exposed on upper floor. The 1st floor has a 9-pane fixed-light window, 2 unequal lights, small-paned horizontal-sliding casement windows, one tripartite sash window with one vertical glazing bar and a C20 small-paned window with top ventilator. The ground floor has two 2-light small-paned casements, two 3-light small-paned casements and a

C20 small-paned casement with top vent. The north-west gable has an end stack. Beyond this range is a late C17 two-storey extension with plain tiles, a 1st floor of black tarred boarding and a lean-to plain tiled ground floor of render with a door and C20 small-paned window. Beyond this again is a C19 two-storey outbuilding of yellow-pink brick with slate roof, gabled to south-east and hipped to north-east, forming staff cottages with loft over. This has small-paned sash windows and 2 gabled porches on brackets. The rear elevation to Coach Lane of the jettied block, is of painted pebbledash and with rear wall stack with exposed fireplace. The 1st floor has 2 unequal-light windows with small panes, a C20 small-paned window and a 6-pane sash. The ground floor has 3 glazed doors, two 16-pane sash windows and a small window with cross-pattern glazing. The C17 extension beyond has a 16-pane sash window over a square bay window with large panes and its slate hipped roof extends to form a shallow porch. Attached to the rear of the C19 loft block is No.12 Princes Street (now part of Blue Boar complex) which is a 2-storey mid C19 L-plan house with slate roof, yellow stock brick and with margin-glazed sash windows. To the street is a doorcase with fluted pilasters and rectangular fanlight. To the rear of the main hotel block, which fronts Silver Street is a substantial 2-storey mid C19 kitchen/service extension of yellow stock brick with mixture of hipped and lean-to slate roofs. This has small-paned sash windows and a rooftop clerestorey ventilator with independent hipped slate roof. To the north-west of this is a single-storey L-plan block with plain tile roof and of stock bricks which links to a late C19 one-storey-plus-loft stable block, of red Flemish-bond brick with black engineering brick jambs to openings. This is relatively unaltered and has projecting gabled loft door and roof of pantiles with Suffolk verge detail. INTERIOR: the timber-framed structure immediately to the south-west of the carriage arch is the oldest surviving part, and was a 3-bay building of 2 storeys. This appears to be of the late C14 and is very similar in carpentry detail to the Swan Hotel, High Street (qv). The front ground-floor room had a central door leading into the central bay with curious alternating front and rear mortices for wall studs. The rear (north-west) wall has a series of ogee arches at both levels, some moved from elsewhere in the wall. All members are double-pegged, parts are unjowled and one original tie beam has been reused in ceiling of the Hotel reception area. Part of the moulded cross-quadrate crown-post roof has survived where undisturbed by early C19 rebuilding, which affected the

front part of structure. That part of main frontage range that now comprises the main entrance contains remnants of a 2-bay hall, formerly open-framed at its south-west end. This has moulded arch braces of a character suggestive of the C14 but of a delicacy more likely to be of the mid C16. To the north-east of this are fragments of a 2-storey cross-wing, the bressumer of which is moulded (to be seen in the dining room) and this suggests 2 wide shop-like openings to the street. The late C14 structure (now the bar) is of particular interest and may represent a fragment of an in-line house, at right-angles to street perhaps akin to the structure behind the Nags Head, Shrewsbury. HISTORY: in the 1530s John Church, a leading Burgess of Maldon, and former auditor of Beeleigh Abbey, purchased the property and erected the jettied range to rear. In doing so he converted the whole complex into the Blue Boar Inn in deference to the De Vere, Earl of Oxford, the property being part of the estate of Earls of Maldon. This jettied range provided a wide staircase, a large chamber on each floor and a series of smaller rooms. The carpentry is somewhat old fashioned with octagonal crown posts, and is an apparent attempt to copy the appearance of the older building. The yard elevation had oriel windows and external curved wall bracing. (RCHME: Essex Central and South-west: London: 1921-: 174:6).

Listing NGR: TL8490607084


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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Books and journals
An Inventory of Essex Central and South West, (1921), 174


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 02 Aug 2007
Reference: IOE01/16105/22
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Reginald Clark. Source Historic England Archive
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