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List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.


List entry Number: 1268712



The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hertfordshire

District: East Hertfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Hertford

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 10-Feb-1950

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Sep-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 461511

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.



TL3313NE ST LEONARD'S ROAD, Bengeo 817-1/14/284 (East side) 10/02/50 Bengeo Hall (Formerly Listed as: BENGEO Bengeo Hall and Bengeo Hall Cottage)


Small country house in gardens with parkland setting. Late C17, refaced early C18, east front mid C18 with late C18 bay windows and remodelled attics, west wing early C19. Red brick, Flemish bond (English bond in attic storey of east front), colourwashed cream early C19 now largely washed clean, west wing in cream Hitch patent brickwork (manufactured in Ware by Caleb Hitch). Old tile and Welsh slate roofs. PLAN: square plan to main house with central entry, and central stacks giving double-depth plan of 4 principal rooms on each floor linked by closets and lobbies. Outline of pedimented door, infilled later, on brickwork of north elevation suggests a 3-bay lobby entry plan, 3-bay principal east elevation with main central entry. EXTERIOR: 2 storeys and attics with basement. East front has 2 large late C18 2-storey brick canted bay windows left and right, with one 12-pane sash window, in each face, taller on ground floor, and recessed below rubbed brick flat arches. Wood dentil frieze and moulded cornice with blocking course above; semicircular rubbed brick arches to basement vents in front face. Centre of facade has plat bands at first-floor level, and at second-floor level, two projecting bands in English bond, at base of attic storey, which is English bond throughout, with half-gabled stone-coped parapets at left and right, and flat coping across the top, 3 square 6-pane attic windows with rubbed yellow sash window, 15:6:9-pane with red rubbed brick flat arch. Ground floor with central 6 fielded panelled door below semicircular fanlight with elaborate Adam style traceried cast-iron grille, surround with inner pilasters and moulded impost band and panelled archivolt, outer surround with attached columns with 'stripped' Tower of the Winds Greek Corinthian order, entablature with swags and paterae frieze; 5 sweeping stone steps, with curved wrought-iron railings with ornamental foliated scrollwork. South elevation with outer triple sashes 4:12:4-panes, with central sash with heavier mid C18 quadrant bars, all with cambered heads; ground floor with two C19 French windows, those at left with sidelight casements.

North elevation has late C18 sash at left, with blank upper panel, with segmental rubbed arch above, mid C18 sash in centre, and late C18 projecting canted oriel bay, with triple 12-pane sashes, moulded cornice and plaster spandrel below. Ground floor with late C18 sash at left, with blank upper panel below segmental double header arch, infilled door in centre, and deeply recessed 6-panel door, with upper 4 glazed, recessed in panelled reveals with broad surround centrally set below oriel, with narrow 8-pane sash windows on either side. 2-storey west wing runs across the rear of the original house, but has a separate gabled roof. Cream Hitch brick, with the characteristic deep courses and bond resembling rat trap bond, with special moulded parapet bricks at gable ends and around a modified stepped Dutch gable in centre of west elevation, above a large 8-light mullion and transom window with moulded Hitch brick frames and cornice. Smaller 2- and 4-light windows left and right, moulded plat band at first-floor level. North elevation with 12-pane sash window in moulded stuccoed architrave surround with Hitch brick dripmould above. Roofs: triple hipped behind parapeted east front and visible on west above tall gabled and parapeted old tile roof over west wing, Welsh slated upper roof in valleys between tiled roofs at front of main house; tall square Hitch brick chimneys below ridge line in centre of north and south flank elevations, with projecting bands and oversailing caps and tall square pots with battered profile and projecting rims. Projecting chimneybreast at south end of west wing with tall Hitch brick chimney with moulded bands and oversailing cap. INTERIOR: front entrance hall with reeded cornice, stair open string with long column balusters and moulded handrail. Drawing Room with cornice of palm leaves, bobbin heads and flowered bands, Dining Room has single C19 cornice, 6-panel doors on ground floor. Rear room with C18 double cyma cornice, back door to kitchen glazed with quadrant bars. First floor bedrooms have early C19 fire surrounds and cornices, with mid C18 windows with quadrant bars in closets alongside chimneys. Early C19 stair with stick balusters to attics. Roof structure not accessible for inspection. (The industrial archaeology of the British Isles: Branch Johnson W: Industrial Archaeology of Hertfordshire: Newton Abbot: 1970-: 20; East Herts Industrial Archaeology: Moodey GE: The Wall that Caleb Hitch Built: 1968-).

Listing NGR: TL3300313792

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Branch Johnson, W , The Industrial Archaeology of Hertfordshire, (1970), 20
'East Hertfordshire Industrial Archaeology' in East Hertfordshire Industrial Archaeology, (1968)

National Grid Reference: TL 33003 13792


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End of official listing