Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Statutory Address:


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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

East Hertfordshire (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
TL 32534 12724



TL3212NE OLD CROSS 817-1/17/151 (North side) Old Cross Wharf


Former maltings, kiln, grain store, cart shed and tally house, now seed and feed warehouse. Late 18th and early C19 (but with C16 red brick at base of malthouse). Timber-framed and cast-iron structure, yellow stock brick,laid to English and Flemish bonds, with some red brick part weatherboards. Old tiled, pantiled and Welsh slated roofs with lead-roll hips. Conical kiln roof at south east corner with double mushroom cowls. EXTERIOR: SOUTH RANGE: fronting Nicholas Lane, 2 storeys and attics; 11-bay structure (with 2 incomplete bays at left) with kiln at right on river frontage, pilaster buttresses at bay lines in centre of range, connected by segmental arches below eaves. Ground floor openings have segmental soldier arches, central loading bay with first floor hoist balcony and cantilevered gable roof. Gambrel roof with lower slopes slated, hipped left (west) end upper roof tiled on west and north faces, and with corrugated asbestos, replacing tiles after 1944 wartime damage. C19 hip roofed lean-to on yard (north) side, with red brick walls, and blank weatherboard cladding above. Kiln at right-hand (east end) has brickwork strengthened with 6 iron tie plates at first-floor level, marked 'Goodfellow. Ware.'. Return frontage north along river timber-framed and black weatherboarded. EAST RANGE: C19 grain store has 11-bay front to river, with 2 openings to ground and first floors alternating with full length doors on both floors to expedite loading from the wharf. Welsh slated roofs. Similar pattern of openings to yard. NORTH RANGE: former stables, first floor with 4 openings, central stable door with loft opening above, ground floor has two 6-pane sash windows with double header segmental arches above, and boarded coach doors at right beneath 3 ring header segmental arches. CART SHED: against west boundary, red brick, laid to Flemish bond, 2 open bays, Queen strut trussed pantiled roof. TALLY HOUSE: c1830, single storey with mixed red and yellow stock bricks, Flemish bond, with Welsh slated roof with lead-roll hips over 2 planed flat overhanging soffit, 6-pane sash window at left under segmental arch, half-glazed door beneath open pediment hood carried on cut bracket modillions.

East end of building has large canted bay window overlooking yard, and entrance from street, 6 pane sidelights with arcaded heads, 10-pane centre with casements either side of fixed 6-pane light, ogee moulding and flat fascia above. INTERIOR: SOUTH RANGE: timber baulks and cast-iron columns support rafters coach-nailed to diagonal beams, much re-used riven timber, Queen strut roof timber partly removed after wartime damage, wooden sack hoist at north end. Kiln substantially intact, 3 vaulted brick furnaces with wire grid floors above, lath and plaster timber studded kiln chimney with mesh drying floor. Beyond kiln end of building is at an angle to river and the wall of the building is timber-framed incorporating late C17 studs and primary bracing. EAST RANGE: subdivision into 3 bay compartments by brick cross walls, with heavy square binders with common joists spanning between, tongued and grooved board floors with iron tongues. King post roof with 2 levels of purlins. NORTH RANGE: 2 stalls with peg-jointed divisions numbered with carpenters' marks, feed troughs and tethering rings, loft divided into two 3 bay sections by cross walls, King post and purlin roof. HISTORICAL NOTE: although disused as a maltings since the Second World War, Old Cross Wharf remains virtually intact, with its buildings in use for the storage of agricultural feedstuffs and seeds. The traces of C16 brick mark it out as one of the earliest malting sites in Hertford albeit that the buildings largely date from late C18/early C19. The wharf and the grouping facing the River Lea with the kiln roof and cowl in the south-east corner, is of significant townscape value. (The industrial archaeology of the British Isles: Branch Johnson W: Industrial Archaeology of Hertfordshire: Newton Abbot: 1970-: 37, 167).

Listing NGR: TL3253412724


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
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Books and journals
Branch Johnson, W, The Industrial Archaeology of Hertfordshire, (1970), 37 167


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 10 Sep 2000
Reference: IOE01/02925/21
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr A. Gude. Source Historic England Archive
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