This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.


List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.


List entry Number: 1274208



The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hertfordshire

District: East Hertfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ware

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 14-Mar-1974

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 412411

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.



TL3514SE WEST STREET 829-1/9/179 (North side) 14/03/74 No.2


House, now shop with offices above. Part mid/late C13, timber-framed, front bay rebuilt C18, building renovated 1980. Timber-framed, stuccoed, old tiled roof edged with Welsh slate, with one box casement dormer. 3 bay building at right angles to the street. 2 storeys and attics, first floor has one flush-set sash window with glazing bars, exposed boxes and architrave surrounds. Ground floor has 1980 shopfront with recessed entrance at left, and display window divided into 3 by mullions. INTERIOR: renovated and partly opened out 1980, when timber-framing at rear exposed and recorded. 2 bays survived, one shortened during C18 reconstruction; and first floor inserted late C16, attic floor (now removed) C18. Fireplace, and chimneystack, much altered set centrally through north exterior wall. Surviving framing includes an open roof truss, with a straight tie-beam braced by a thick sectioned curved brace to the principal posts, straight passing braces of square section notch lapped to the principal posts, trenched and pegged to the tie-beam, crossing a collar, crossing each other, and bare-face lap dovetailed to the rafters. Although fragmentary, the survivals enabled reconstruction of the truss during renovation of the building. A smoke gablet, with an exterior bonnet was set over the original north hipped end to the roof. Several rafters in the east roof slope, including the bonnet and hip rafter survive. Below the wall plate surviving original studding indicates an unusually wide spacing, and a middle rail, later replaced. Notched lap joints were originally used. One primary tension brace, connecting wall plate and principal post survives, and the presence of triangular mortices indicates that there were others. Based on the typology of the truss, and the use of notched lap dovetail joints, a date of c1260 has been suggested. The smoke-blackened rafters, and the presence of a gablet indicates that the building was initially open to the roof, and it may have functioned as a kitchen, rather than an open hall. The presence of a second inclined rafter on the western roof slope possibly indicates that the building may have been a service wing to a hall on the adjacent site, No.3 West Street (rebuilt C19). The west wall of No.2 was altered in C16 with the insertion of the first floor, and long multiple light windows, partly crossing the location of the conjectured hall. The front of the building was rebuilt in the early C18 with largely softwood framing. (Smith JT: Hertfordshire Houses. Selective Inventory: London: 1993-: 199; Perman D: Ware UD. List of buildings of special arch or historic interest: 1993-: 62; Hertfordshire Archaeology: Gibson AVB: Investigation of a C13 building at No.2 West Street Ware: St Albans & Hertford: 1980-1982: 126-141).

Listing NGR: TL3579214344

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Smith, J T, Hertfordshire Houses Selective Inventory, (1993), 199
'Hertfordshire Archaeology' in Hertfordshire Archaeology, (1980)

National Grid Reference: TL 35792 14344


© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1274208 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Oct-2017 at 07:37:42.

End of official listing