THE OXENHAM ARMS

Overview

Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: II*

List Entry Number: 1305729

Date first listed: 20-Feb-1952

Statutory Address: THE OXENHAM ARMS

Map

Ordnance survey map of THE OXENHAM ARMS
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Statutory Address: THE OXENHAM ARMS

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: South Tawton

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX6511093546

Summary

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Reasons for Designation

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History

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Details

SX 6493 - 6593 8/236 20.2.52

SOUTH TAWTON SOUTH ZEAL The Oxenham Arms

GV II*

Inn, former manor house and home of Burgoyne family. Late C16 - early C17, maybe earlier in parts; C18, C19 and C20 modernisations. Mostly large blocks of coursed granite ashlar, more granite rubble to rear; granite stacks with granite ashlar chimneyshafts; slate roof, formerly thatch. Plan and development: courtyard plan house. The main block, along the front, is set back a little from the street and it faces north-east. It has a 2-room plan with through passage between and a wide carriageway through the left (south-east) end. The left room (now the bar) was probably a parlour and it has an end stack backing onto the carriageway and the large alcove alongside once contained a newel stair. The chamber over the carriageway has a gable-end stack. The right room (now a lounge) has a rear lateral stack. There is now a small lobby between this room and the passage. 2-storey front porch. Original kitchen (now the dining room) is in a rear block projecting at right angles behind the hall and has an enormous stack backing onto the hall fireplace. Former hall and kitchen are connected by a narrow corridor alongside the stack. Original wing with end stack projecting at right angles to rear of front parlour. The precise development of the rear is difficult to work out because of several modernisations here in the C19 and C20. The space between the 2 rear wings appears to have been filled quite early (probably in the C17). The passage was extended back and now this part contains the main stair. The parlour wing has been extended back in more than one building phase, (it now contains the kitchen). Rear courtyard has been covered in the C20 and there are C20 service buildings across the rear. 2 storeys throughout. Exterior: good regular but not symmetrical 3:1:2 - window front. The gabled porch to the passage front doorway has a 2-centred outer arch of moulded granite on top of a flight of granite steps. The porch has a barrel vaulted ceiling with narrow granite ribs springing from corbels and has slit windows each side. Above the outer arch is a 3-light granite-mullioned window with elliptical headed lights, sunken spandrels and hoodmould. Each side of the porch are 2 granite-mullioned windows with hoodmoulds, those to right (the hall) a little taller than those to the left (the front parlour). 3 of these are 3-light and one of the hall windows is 4 lights and all contain rectangular panes of leaded glass. All the first floor windows and a small ground floor window immediately left of the porch are C20 casements without glazing bars. At the left end is the very fine carriageway; a wide Tudor arch with moulded surround, sunken spandrels and a hoodmould with the initials B and W carved on the labels. The roof is gable-ended. Rear has mostly C20 casements but the rear parlour has an original 4-light granite-mullioned window with hoodmould. Good Interior: the original carpentry detail is relatively plain. All the rooms have large soffit-chamfered beams, only the one in the rear parlour has step-stops. The hall has a large granite ashlar fireplace with hollow-chamfered surround a smaller version above once served the chamber but is now in a-corridor. The kitchen behind an enormous fireplace with a soffit-chamfered oak lintel. The front parlour fireplace is blocked by a C20 grate. The rear parlour stack has been rebuilt. It is not even clear whether the ground floor had a fireplace but the chamber above has a partly rebuilt hooded fireplace. There are several C16 and C17 doorframes around the place, notably a round-headed one to rear of the front passage and it contains an old studded plank door. Others are Tudor arches. Also some old studded panelled oak doors. Kitchen wing roof is carried on a side-pegged jointed cruck truss but the rest of the roof was replaced probably in the C18 by A-frame trusses with pegged and spiked lap-jointed collars. One of tile most interesting features in the house is an enormous upright slab of granite built into tile inner wall of the rear parlour. This looks very much like a prehistoric standing stone and it seems that the house was built around it. Present main stairs are late C19. The Oxenham Arms has one of the most attractive facades of any building of its period in Devon. South Zeal is also one of the few medieval boroughs in Devon where many of its C16 and C17 houses still survive.

Listing NGR: SX6511093546

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 95036

Legacy System: LBS

End of official listing