Heritage Category:
Listed Building
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Date first listed:
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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

East Devon (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
ST 17960 05071


LUPPITT BEACON ST 10 NE 6/68 Red Doors Farmhouse including - front courtyard wall adjoining to north GV II* Farmhouse. Early C16 with major later C16 and C17 improvements, thoroughly refurbished circa 1975. Local stone and flint rubble including some sections of cob; most is plastered; stone rubble stacks topped with C20 bricks; thatch roof. Plan and development: L-plan house. The main block faces north and it has a 2- room-and-through-passage plan. The large room to left (east) of the wide passage is a parlour with an end stack and it once included a small buttery/dairy between the main room and the passage. The partitions were removed circa 1975 to enlarge the parlour. To right of the passage is the kitchen and it has an axial stack backing onto a staircase between it and the passage. A 2-room plan rear block projects at right angles to rear of the kitchen and it was thoroughly refurbished circa 1975. This is a house with a long and complex structural history. The original early C16 part of the house is the passage and kitchen section of the main block. This was thought to have a 2-room-and-through-passage plan. The present passage was an inner room and floored over from the beginning. The rest was the hall; it was open to the roof and heated by an open hearth fire. A passage is thought to have run across the front of the inner room partition at this time although there is no obvious evidence for a blocked front doorway in the exposed masonry of the front wall. (There is an apparant straight join between the original section and the parlour extension). In the mid or late C16 a large stack was inserted backing onto the putative original passage (now occupied by the stair). This produced an unusually small hall which was floored over in the late C16 - early C17. It may be that the rear block (or part of it) was c16 but there is no positive evidence since all the carpentry detail there was replaced circa 1975. The main block was enlarged in the early C17 when the parlour was built with a buttery. At the same time the rest of the main block was rearranged. The former inner room was converted to the present wide through- passage, the putative former passage was disused and the stair was built in its place, and the former hall was downgraded to serve as the kitchen. The function of the rear block is unclear since it was so thoroughly renovated circa 1975. The end stack there dates from this time. The rear block includes a lobby behind the kitchen and it projects on the outside (west). This could have contained a staircase or alternatively a carriageway from the road to the rear courtyard and separating the main house from the rear block. If the latter were the case the projection would have been a porch and the rear block a service wing. The farmhouse is 2 storeys with an outshot on the left (east) end of the main block. Exterior: the main block has an irregular 3-window front of C20 casements with glazing bars. The passage front doorway is a little right of centre and it contains a plank door behind a C20 gabled porch. The main roof is hipped both ends, steeply so at the left end. The rear block is a little lower than the main block and it has a 1:1:2 - window front (on the outer side) of C20 casements with glazing bars. The roof is carried down over the projection and is hipped at the end. Good Interior: the original inner room/present passage has an original chamfered axial beam. The full height crosswall on the kitchen side is also original; large oak framing over the remains of an oak plank-and-muntin screen. The roof over this section is also original. It is 2 bays with a side-pegged jointed cruck of large scantling with a cranked collar. There are hip crucks each end and both bays contain single sets of curving windbraces. The original crosswall is not a closed truss; it rises between the windbraces of the inner bay. The section over the former inner room/present passage is clean whilst the rest is smoke-blackened from the original open hearth fire. The inserted hall/later kitchen fireplace is very large in relation to the size of the room; it has Beerstone ashlar jambs, an oak lintel and chamfered surround. The large oven in the back projects under the stairs; both were rebuilt in the C19 but the arrangement has probably been the same since the early C17. The small hall has half beams each end, both chamfered with pyramid stops. The rest of the main block is early C17 and there is a solid wall (the original end wall) between the two sections. The ground floor is now a single room although disused mortices show that a small buttery and corridor past it occupied the end nearest the passage and that the partitions were oak plank-and-muntin screens. The parlour itself has a chamfered crossbeam and a good Beerstone ashlar fireplace with oak lintel cut to a low Tudor arch and has a chamfered surround. Alongside to right is a C20 stair which is probably a replacement of the original. On the first floor there is said to be a blocked small Tudor arch headed fireplace. The roof here is carried on side-pegged jointed cruck trusses. All the rear block carpentry was replaced circa 1975. A tall plastered wall of cob on stone rubble footings projects forward from the right end of the front screening the front courtyard from the lane. Red Doors Farmhouse is a very attractive farmhouse, but more than that it is a very interesting and most intriguing. The early C16 open hall house is built to a high standard but is a very small if it is a complete house as the roof suggests. It also forms part of a group of attractive buildings that make up the hamlet of Beacon.

Listing NGR: ST1796005071


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This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 13 May 2004
Reference: IOE01/12048/22
Rights: Copyright IoE Norman Wigg. Source Historic England Archive
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