Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: I

List Entry Number: 1327071

Date first listed: 15-Nov-1988

Statutory Address: CAERHAYS CASTLE


Ordnance survey map of CAERHAYS CASTLE
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Statutory Address: CAERHAYS CASTLE

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Michael Caerhays

National Grid Reference: SW9712441638


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


ST MICHAEL CAERHAYS SW 94 SE 3/131 Caerhays Castle


Country house. 1808, by John Nash, for J.B. Trevanion. Slatestone rubble with granite and Pentewan stone dressings. Lead roofs behind parapets. Plan: A large castellated mansion, of asymmetrical plan; the entrance front is to north west and the garden front is to south east. The entrance front has a large porte cochere, and the garden front has a 2-bay wing projecting to left. There are towers of circular and polygonal plan, asymmetrically placed. The main apartment is a long, wide gallery, with a stair at one end, with library, drawing-room etc. leading off. The service quarters are attached to south west, and are described separately. A picturesque Gothic composition. Exterior: 2 storeys. The entrance front is nearly symmetrical. The 2 storey porch is central, embattled, with open ground floor with ribbed plaster vault. There are chamfered granite arches to the front and sides, and inner doorway with double 3- panelled doors. To left, there is a 2-light casement at ground and first floor, with hood moulds. Some casements are original, and some have glazing replaced in the later C19, without the small panes. To left, a polygonal tower with embattled parapet and casement and loops; buttress to left and smaller casement at ground and first floor. To the right of the porch, there is a 4-light casement at ground floor and 2-light casement at first floor, both with hood moulds. To right a square plan towel with angle buttresses and 2-centred arched chamfered doorway with hood mould. At first floor the tower has single light casement and lancets with ventilation louvres; embattled parapet. There is an inner panelled and glazed door with 2- centred arched Gothic fanlight. To right there is a single casement at first floor and polygonal stacks. Lead rainwater heads. The garden front is 2-storey. The centrepiece is formed by two polygonal embattled 3-storey towers with casements at ground and first floor and blind windows at second floor. The ground floor has an asymmetrical arrangement of casements with hood moulds; the windows are smaller at first floor, with embattled parapet overall. To right there is a large circular plan embattled tower of 3 storeys, forming the corner of the house, with casements at all floors. To left there is a 2-bay wing, of 3- storeys, with casements at each floor, terminating in a square plan tower with corbelled embattled parapet. There is a small circular single storey tower set in the corner between the main front and the wing. The overall effect is asymmetrical, with details such as a slender polygonal tower with ogee stone roof and cross finial set to the right of the centrepiece. The north east side of the house has 3 bays to centre, with tower to right and left at the corners, each with corbelled embattled parapet. At ground floor there are 4- light mullion and transom windows at ground floor with hood moulds and two doors to right. At first and second floors there are casements; the windows diminish in size in the upper storeys. The windows at upper level retain the original small panes. Facing the service courtyard, the house has random fenestration. Interior: Not accessible. See Summerson for some information about the interior. Sources: Pevsner, N.: Buildings of England: Cornwall 1970. Summerson, J.: The Life and Work of John Nash, Architect. 1980.

Listing NGR: SW9712441638


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 71629

Legacy System: LBS


Books and journals
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Gloucestershire: The Cotswolds, (1970)
Summerson, J, The Life and Work of John Nash, (1980)
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England, Part 8 Cornwall and Isles of Scilly,

End of official listing