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List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.


List entry Number: 1328458



The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Wendron

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 10-Jul-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Jun-1988

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 66347

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

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Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.



7/360 Trenethick Barton Farmhouse including rear courtyard and walls 10.7.57 and gateway (formerly listed as Trenethick House)


Barton farmhouse, including rear courtyard wall and gateway. Probably C16 on site of and possibly incorporating parts of older house. Built by the Hill family, extended and remodelled in the C17, C18 and C19. Granite and killas rubble walls with granite dressings. Steep asbestos slate roofs, with gable ends, 3 of which have granite copings. C16 and C17 granite ashlar axial, gable and lateral stacks. Cast-iron ogee section gutters. Plan: Overall large slightly irregular U-shaped plan. Principal front range has through passage towards right, fronted by 2 storey porch; large hall on left of passage with front lateral fireplace. Stone straight flight stair in projection at rear right-hand side of hall, approached from the passage; parlour, under cross roof on the left; probably C17 inner parlour or buttery within small axial wing at far left, and large service room on the right of the passage (lower end). Above the service room is a large chamber with 2 closets at the front with a window bay between. Rear wings are probably C16 and C17 service ranges probably on site of earlier wings. Left -hand wing was extended or remodelled in the C18; other wing was partly rebuilt or refaced in the C19. The first floor of the left-hand wing was once approached by a stone stair, (now blocked in and hidden), possibly from the rear courtyard and was therefore possibly a first floor hall or servants hall. Exterior: 2 storeys. Irregular 8 window south front. Principal C16 front has gable-ended 2-storey porch right of middle; 2-bay hall front on left of porch; gable-ended parlour front on the left and lower end front on the right. This front has its original door and window openings with mullioned windows with hoodmoulds which survive with most of their mullions. Porch has central 4-centred arched doorway with hoodmould and complete 3-light window and coped gable above. Over the doorway is the Hill coat of arms. 4-centred inner doorway has original oak door. Hall front has 4-light principal window on the left with king-mullion and other mullions removed and 2-light window on the right with mullion removed. Two 3-light first floor windows are approximately over the ground floor ones. The left-hand window is complete. Parlour front has 4-light window with king-mullion removed and complete 3-light window over. Front of lower end of house has very wide 6-light window with central king-mullion to ground floor, and above there are two 3-light windows flanking a 2-light window at higher level with coped ashlar gable over. All the windows are complete. The masonry of this part of the front is banded with alternate granite ashlar stretchers and bonding courses of rubble, and is probably later than the rest of front, probably built forward circa late C16 or early C17. At a later date the right-hand corner (originally an angle) was built up to align with the windows of the front and with the return wall of the gable end. At far left set back from the main front is a 1 window front of a C17 wing with original, square C17 windows (no mullions); window to ground floor is rebated for probably former shutter. Left-hand return wall of parlour has complete probably C17 3-light window. Rear wall of front range has: 4-light hall window; 4-centred arched through passage doorway; narrower 4-centred doorway above (perhaps there was once a rear porch) 2 stair windows and cellar doorway (all now within C20 axial passage extension). Left-hand wing (east courtyard front) has: probably C17 segmentally-arched chamfered doorway towards left; window and blocked doorway at stair position farther left; some blocked pigeon holes under the eaves and C18 remodelled walls on the right. Rear of left -hand wing (west wall) has 4 window C18 front of cottage on the left and C17 wall on the right with C17 single light round-headed window on the first floor. In front of the right-hand side is a studwork wall (now under later lean-to) containing a resited C17 ovolo-moulded 4-light window with holes for central stanchions for each light. Inner courtyard (west) front of right-hand wing has two C17 small chamfered granite window openings approximately midway to first floor and 2 wide blocked openings with wooden lintels on the right. These openings appear to be the same size as the reused C17 wooden mullioned window. East front of right-hand wing has slate hung gable on the left with 2 probably C17 chamfered openings lighting the attic; a C17 rebated window to light the first floor; a small C17 stair window and another C17 chamfered window to the ground floor towards the left. There are joints to infilled corner on the left, and unaligned ground and first floor joints right of the gable end suggest that the rear wing was rebuilt on older site in the C17. Immediately right of the gable end is C18 2-light window with horizontal glazing bars and leaded panes. Under the eaves towards the right are 2 resited family crests, the Hill crest and another crest with detail resembling a spoked wheel. At the rear of this wing is a small C17 round-headed closet or stair window. Interior: Largely unaltered since the C18 and retaining many C16 and C17 features. Hall has probably original coffered ceiling covered with good C18 plasterwork. Parlour and room behind have probably C16 chamfered and stopped axial (aligned with front range) beams. Entry chamber over parlour and chamber over entry and part of hall have C18 plaster cornices. Chamber over lower end has 4-centred arched granite doorways into the closets from the window bay at the front. In the room underneath, these closets are carried on 2 chamfered granite piers. Behind the lower end rooms is a circa late C17 stair with heavy turned balusters to the lower flight. There are several C18 panelled doors. C16 or C17 chamfered fireplaces to the hall (front wall); chamber over the entry (rear wall); and over the parlour (possibly there are others blocked in or in rooms not inspected) Oak roof structure over the hall and over the lower end is C16 with chamfers under the lower parts of the truss, blades and under the cranked collar. There are sockets for threaded purlins and one original purlin insitu (over the hall). The trusses over the hall have curved feet and there is no trace of smoke- blackening. Other roof structures not inspected. There is a probably C16 shouldered-headed oak doorway between the front and second first floor rooms of the left-hand rear wing. Trenethick was held by the Seneshalls in the Norman period. A member of his family, Walter Seneshall was M.P, for Helston in 1377. Their arms were adopted by the Hill family who were assigned Trenethick in 1392. This family sometimes adopted Trenethick as their family name. Sources: The Cornishman's House, by V.M. and F.J. Chesher; Around Helston in the Old Days, by A.S. Oates.

Listing NGR: SW6683229107

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Chesher, V M, F J , , The Cornishmans House, (1968)
Oates, A S , Around Helston in the Old Days

National Grid Reference: SW 66832 29107


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End of official listing