Woodchester Mansion


Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Statutory Address:
Woodchester Mansion, Woodchester Park, Nympsfield, Stonehouse, GL10 3TS


© Crown Copyright and database right 2020. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2020. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1340703.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 30-Oct-2020 at 01:50:28.


Statutory Address:
Woodchester Mansion, Woodchester Park, Nympsfield, Stonehouse, GL10 3TS

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Stroud (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SO 80902 01384


This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 18/08/2020

SO 80 SW 4/265


(Formerly listed as The Mansion)


I Large country house. c1854-1868 by Benjamin Bucknall for William Leigh. Ashlar limestone; ashlar chimneys; stone slate roof. High Victorian Gothic style. Built around small courtyard. Main two storey with attic L-plan range to south; chapel to east; secondary range to west; and service range to north, built into hill side.

South front: three parapet gables above buttressed wall. Symmetrical eight-window fenestration, four-light wide mullioned and transomed to ground floor with shouldered arched lower and trefoil headed upper lights, three-light wide to upper floor with trefoil headed upper lights, paired cross windows in attic gables with quatrefoil vent over. Mullioned cellar windows. Continuous drip moulds above windows running over buttresses, alternating buttresses having realistically carved animal gargoyles receiving water from channel down coped top of buttress below stone gutters on carved stone brackets. Paired ridge-mounted chimneys with circular shafts.

East side: three main gable ends, central to chapel with simple fin-like buttresses and elaborate flowing tracery to five-light east window. Two three-light chapel windows on south side, single to north, with matching tracery. Gable end of main south range to left with large off-centre single-storey canted bay window having large mullioned and transomed window to each face; diagonal corner buttresses with attached shafts and winged animal gargoyles; trefoil-headed lancet-pierced parapet. Large pointed relieving arch above bay is echoed by drip mould. Fenestration otherwise mixed mullioned or transomed, upper having separate hoodmoulds. Gable end of service range to right with scattered mullioned casements, bold diagonal buttresses and ridge-mounted stone vents.

West side: very changeful, not contrived but resulting from large gable end of main range to right, buttressed return wing to centre and service range to left with projecting wing. Belfry tower set behind dominates this range, having tall coped hipped roof, carved cresting and iron weather vane; tall stone louvred belfry openings.

Courtyard: buttressed west end of chapel with spherical triangular window containing rose tracery; two two-light windows below with Decorated tracery. Central gabled projection to rear of main range with stepped trefoil headed stair lights; much leaded glazing installed. Various stone rainwater pipes, buttresses and stone-bracketed gutters.

Interior: fine tierceron chapel vault with individually carved flower bosses. Most of house interior is incomplete, arched stone fireplaces and doorways being installed. Main range has one room with completed stone vaulting, otherwise only springing in place. Round arched moulded rere-arches to main front windows. Simpler vaulting to staircase and corridors. Many other stone fittings including bath and tunnel vaulted shower with animal gargoyle water outlet.

Leigh bought Woodchester Park from Lord Ducie in 1845 demolishing the C18 mansion and starting this large house, designed by a young local architect. Bucknall was greatly influenced by Viollet-le-Duc from an early age, becoming his English translator, and this is his most thorough application of a rational approach to Gothic architecture. Never completed, the house is partially glazed and completely roofed. One of the most remarkable houses of its period and uniquely exhibiting its construction process. Also in the large landscaped park (possibly by Capability Brown) are a boat house (q.v.) and The Tower (q.v.).

(The NMR has an extensive set of photographs. M.Girouard, The Victorian Country House, 1979; D. Verey, article in Country Life, 6th February 1969, and Gloucestershire: The Cotswolds, 1979.)

Listing NGR: SO8090201384


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Girouard, M, The Victorian Country House, (1971)
Verey, D , The Buildings of England: Gloucestershire 1 The Cotswolds, (1970)
'Country Life' in Country Life, (1969)


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 14 May 2004
Reference: IOE01/08851/21
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Derrick Whitmore. Source Historic England Archive
Archive image, may not represent current condition of site.
To view this image please use Firefox, Chrome, Safari, or Edge.

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].