Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: I

List Entry Number: 1340703

Date first listed: 28-Jun-1960



Ordnance survey map of THE MANSION
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Stroud (District Authority)

Parish: Woodchester

National Grid Reference: SO 80902 01384


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.



4/265 The Mansion

28.6.60 I

Large country house. c1854-1868 by Benjamin Bucknall for William Leigh. Ashlar limestone; ashlar chimneys; stone slate roof. High Victorian Gothic style. Built around small courtyard. Main 2-storey with attic L-plan range to south; chapel to east; secondary range to west; and service range to north, built into hill side. South front: 3 parapet gables above buttressed wall. Symmetrical 8-window fenestration, 4-light wide mullioned and transomed to ground floor with shouldered arched lower and trefoil headed upper lights, 3-light wide to upper floor with trefoil headed upper lights, paired cross windows in attic gables with quatrefoil vent over. Mullioned cellar windows. Continuous drip moulds above windows running over buttresses, alternating buttresses having realistically carved animal gargoyles receiving water from channel down coped top of buttress below stone gutters on carved stone brackets. Paired ridge-mounted chimneys with circular shafts. East side: 3 main gable ends, central to chapel with simple fin-like buttresses and elaborate flowing tracery to 5- light east window. Two 3-light chapel windows on south side, single to north, with matching tracery. Gable end of main south range to left with large off-centre single-storey canted bay window having large mullioned and transomed window to each face; diagonal corner buttresses with attached shafts and winged animal gargoyles; trefoil-headed lancet-pierced parapet. Large pointed relieving arch above bay is echoed by drip mould. Fenestration otherwise mixed mullioned or transomed, upper having separate hoodmoulds. Gable end of service range to right with scattered mullioned casements, bold diagonal buttresses and ridge-mounted stone vents. West side: very changeful, not contrived but resulting from large gable end of main range to right, buttressed return wing to centre and service range to left with projecting wing. Belfry tower set behind dominates this range, having tall coped hipped roof, carved cresting and iron weather vane; tall stone louvred belfry openings. Courtyard: buttressed west end of chapel with spherical triangular window containing rose tracery; two 2-light windows below with Decorated tracery. Central gabled projection to rear of main range with stepped trefoil headed stair lights; much leaded glazing installed. Various stone rainwater pipes, buttresses and stone-bracketed gutters. Interior: fine tierceron chapel vault with individually carved flower bosses. Most of house interior is incomplete, arched stone fireplaces and doorways being installed. Main range has one room with completed stone vaulting, otherwise only springing in place. Round arched moulded rere-arches to main front windows. Simpler vaulting to staircase and corridors. Many other stone fittings including bath and tunnel vaulted shower with animal gargoyle water outlet. Leigh bought Woodchester Park from Lord Ducie in 1845 demolishing the C18 mansion and starting this large house, designed by a young local architect. Bucknall was greatly influenced by Viollet-le-Duc from an early age, becoming his English translator, and this is his most thorough application of a rational approach to Gothic architecture. Never completed, the house is partially glazed and completely roofed. One of the most remarkable houses of its period and uniquely exhibiting its construction process. Also in the large landscaped park (possibly by Capability Brown) are a boat house (q.v.) and The Tower (q.v.). (The NMR has an extensive set of photographs. M. Girouard, The Victorian Country House, 1979; D. Verey, article in Country Life, 6th February 1969, and Gloucestershire: The Cotswolds, 1979.)

Listing NGR: SO8090201384


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 132140

Legacy System: LBS


Books and journals
Girouard, M, The Victorian Country House, (1971)
Verey, D , The Buildings of England: Gloucestershire 1 The Cotswolds, (1970)
'Country Life' in Country Life, (1969)

End of official listing