BANQUETING HOUSE

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1357353
Date first listed:
01-Dec-1987
Statutory Address:
BANQUETING HOUSE, WHITEHALL SW1

Map

Ordnance survey map of BANQUETING HOUSE
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Location

Statutory Address:
BANQUETING HOUSE, WHITEHALL SW1

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Greater London Authority
District:
City of Westminster (London Borough)
National Grid Reference:
TQ 30166 80069

Details

TQ 3080 SW CITY OF WESTMINSTER WHITEHALL SW1 83/76 (East side) Banqueting House GV I Banqueting House of former Whitehall Palace. 1619-25, by Inigo Jones, refaced in Portland stone by Soane, 1829-30; the set back north bay with staircase 1798 by James Wyatt. Originally Oxford stone contrasted with Northamptonshire stone above and Portland stone for the balustrade only. Revolutionary interpretation of Palladio town palace themes,following Jones's visit to Vicenza. 2 main storeys over basement. 7 windows wide with 3 centre bays very slightly advanced. Vermiculated basement and ashlar rusticated main storeys with ashlar dressings and orders. Entrance in added staircase bay. Tall architraved glazing bar sashes with alternating pediments on consoles to lower main storey and cornices on consoles to upper storey, regularly articulated by superimposed orders, Composite over Ionic, with centre bays given emphasis by attached columns and the pilasters of flanking bays doubled to reinforce the corners. Plinth to lower main storey, entablature between storeys and crowning entablature with enriched garland frieze running between the Composite capitals, balustraded parapet overall. Similar east front. Wyatt's stair annex is stuccoed with stone parapet, cornice, bands and dressings; above the dcorway is a roundel niche containing bronze bust of Charles I by Le Sueur. The interior has vaulted undercroft above which rises the magnificent double cube saloon, the walls reflecting the exterior articulation with Ionic half columns below and Corinthian pilasters above stone balustered gallery; main north entrance emphasised by 4 detached columns carrying balcony projection of gallery; the great compartmented ceiling framing Rubens' Apotheosis of James I, c.1630-34, set in place 1635. Charles I stepped out to his execution on a scaffold erected in front of the lower main storey. R. C. H. M. Survey of London; vol XIII History of the King's Works; vol III Inigo Jones; John Summerson

Listing NGR: TQ3016680069

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
207615
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Summerson, J, Inigo Jones
'Survey of London' in The Parish of St Margaret Westminster Part 3 Neighbourhood of Whitehall Volume 2:Volume 14 , , Vol. 13, (1931)
Summerson, C, Biddle, M, Hale, J R, Merriman, M, 'History of The Kings Works' in History of the Kings Works 1485-1660 Part 2, , Vol. 3, (1982)

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 07 Sep 2001
Reference: IOE01/05495/16
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Stephen Hodgson. Source Historic England Archive
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