Heritage Category:
Listed Building
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Date first listed:
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Ordnance survey map of HYDE FARMOUSE
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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Vale of White Horse (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SU 45967 96838


This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 13/12/2012

SU4596 1695-0/18/139 12/02/87

MARCHAM ABINGDON ROAD (North side) Hyde Farmhouse


Farmhouse. Circa late C13 or early C14; remodelled circa late Middle Ages, remodelled and extended circ mid C16 and mid C17. Limestone rubble. Stone tile roof, the higher courses plain tiles, hipped left end, gabled at the end of rear wing. Stone axial and gable end stacks with brick shafts. PLAN: The original Medieval house comprised a long open hall of 3 bays seperated from a service bay at the south end, probably also open to the roof. Later in the Middle Ages the high, north, end bay of the hall was partitioned from the remainder of the hall, while remaining open to the roof; the north bay was subsequently floored, probably before the centre bay of the hall was floored in circa mid C16, leaving the remaining south bay of the hall open as a smoke bay, into which a chimney was inserted in circa 1600, creating a cross-passage on its lower, south, side. The south, service bay was floored probably in the C17. There is a wing on the east side of the north bay, the first part of which is circa mid C16 and timber-framed with one room and a cross-passage adjacent to the main range; this was extended in 1652 by John Prince, who built a parlour with a chamber above. EXTERIOR: 2 storeys, asymmetrical 4-window west front. Various 3 and 4-light C17 and C18 casement windows with leaded panes, the 5-light hall window to the left of centre and the 3-light window above breaking the eaves have ovolo-moulded mullions and frames. Doorway to right of centre with circa late Medieval chamfered and shouldered wooden frame with chambered head and later plank door. At rear, east, outshuts in angle with wing on right. The wing is timber-framed with brick infill and extended in stone rubble with ovolo-moulded wooden mullion windows with leaded panes, first floor window on south side replaced in C20, its 1556 dated internal cill removed. INTERIOR:Little altered and retaining many C17 and earlier features. C17 plank doors, panelled cupboard doors and stone flag floors. Cross-passage has unchamfered joists and stud partition to service side. Service room to right has roughly chamfered cross-beam with diagonal stops and unchamferedjoists. Hall has high ceiling with chamfered cross-beam and broad joists all with hollow step stops and large fireplace with lightly chamfered cambered timber lintel, oven and gun-rack above. Inner, north, room has low ceiling with roughly chamfered axial beam without stops and unchamfered joists. Parlour in rear wing has chamfered axial beam with bar stops, wide fireplace with low chamfered lintel and plasterwork above, dated 1652 and with initials P/IM. Chamber above has similar plasterwork fireplace overmantel, exposed timber-framing of earlier bay of wing, which has jowled storey-posts and cambered tie-beam. Inner room chamber has exposed smoke-blackening above tie-beam in partition. Chamber over cross-passage has small fireplace with cambered lintel and staircase rising from hall with splat balusters. The Medieval 4-bay roof survives largely intact; the 2 north trusses of the long 3-bay open hall have pairs of parallel rafters, the inner rafters rising to a collar, the outer rising to the ridge, which is square-set on a small yoke; 2 tiers of purlins, the upper one trenched, the lower trapped between the parallel rafters; wind-braces from the inner rafter to the upper purlin. Some of the original common rafters survive. The 3 north bays are smoke-blackened and the lower end, south, truss is an open timber-framed partition, [sooted on both sides], with studding, clasped purlins and similar yoke and ridge. The principals ofthe south end truss survive in the gable-end wall. The roof of the north bay has been partly rebuilt with a hip. Rear wing has clasped-purlin roof SOURCE: Curde,C.R.J., Medieval Houses; Oxoniensia,LVII [1992], pp 167-171.

Listing NGR: SU4596796838


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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Books and journals
'Oxoniensia' in Oxoniensia, , Vol. 57, (1992), 167-171


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Reference: IOE01/14568/31
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