SPUR WALL AND WATER TOWER

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1376129
Date first listed:
28-Jul-1955
Date of most recent amendment:
06-Aug-1998
Statutory Address:
SPUR WALL AND WATER TOWER, CITY WALLS

Map

Ordnance survey map of SPUR WALL AND WATER TOWER
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Location

Statutory Address:
SPUR WALL AND WATER TOWER, CITY WALLS

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SJ 39997 66544

Details

CHESTER CITY (IM)

SJ4066NW CITY WALLS 595-1/1/101 Spur wall and Water Tower 28/07/55 (Formerly Listed as: City Walls & Towers incl. foundations of SE angle Roman Fortress wall & tower)

GV I

Spur wall from Bonewaldesthorne Tower (qv) to the Water Tower, and the Water Tower. 1322-6. By John Helpstone. Approx 37m long and 3.3m wide. Coursed red sandstone rubble. EXTERIOR: a segmental archway at ground level through the wall. A stone landing at Boneswaldesthorne Tower, a stair totalling 44 stone steps with an intermediate half-landing 6m long leads to the main link to the Water Tower. The parapets to the spur wall have probably the only surviving example of medieval crenellation on the walls; on the half landing crenels were converted to embrasures, probably for cannon during the Civil War. A panel on the north parapet is inscribed INVENIT AUT EXCIT. The Water Tower was built at Chester's expense to command the medieval port, then immediately adjoining, for 100 pounds. Circular with a slightly battered solid lower stage and 2 stages containing chambers; the total height to the crown of the parapet is approx 15m or 50 feet. Loops to the lower chamber; square turret facing City Wall with garderobe at north corner; loops to upper storey; band at rampart level; eroded crenellation. INTERIOR: part-glazed Gothick double doors to 5 stone steps down to octagonal chamber with arched alcoves to entrance and to loops;; octagonal keel-moulded rib-vault springing directly from corners. Spiral stair of 23 stone steps lit by 2 loops to octagonal upper chamber, vaulted as lower chamber and with blocked loops; opening of uncertain date, to north-east. (Bartholomew City Guides: Harris B: Chester: Edinburgh: 1979-: 94-95; The Buildings of England: Pevsner N & Hubbard E: Cheshire: 1971-: 155; Cheshire Sites and Monuments Record: Collens J: Chester City: 3007/2/1 & 2).



Listing NGR: SJ3999766544

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
470119
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Pevsner, N, Hubbard, E, The Buildings of England: Cheshire, (1971), 155
Harris, B, 'Bartholomew City Guides' in Chester, (1979), 94-95

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 01 Mar 2006
Reference: IOE01/15145/07
Rights: Copyright IoE Lorna Freeman. Source Historic England Archive
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