Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Statutory Address:


Ordnance survey map of KENWOOD HOUSE (IVEAGH BEQUEST)
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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Greater London Authority
Camden (London Borough)
National Grid Reference:
TQ 27085 87418


This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 27/07/2012

TQ2787SW 798-1/3/972 10/06/54

CAMDEN KENWOOD Kenwood House (Iveagh Bequest)


Detached villa. Original house c1616, renovated c1749 and forming the core of the present house, including the orangery with boudoir on the west. In c1767-68 Robert Adam added the library with anteroom on the east and the north entrance portico, together with an additional 2nd floor on the south front which he remodelled. In c1795 George Saunders added the projecting north wings, west veranda; also the Service wing and kitchens (qv). Restored 1955-9. EXTERIOR: north front: stucco centre and white brick wings with hipped slated roofs forming a shallow entrance court. 3 storeys. Centre with Ionic tetrastyle portico having an enriched frieze and medallion in the tympanum; flanked by 3 window bays. Central doorway architraved with console-bracketed entablature with fluted frieze. 1st floor sill band with guilloche decoration. Recessed sashes. Stone entablature with dentil cornice and fluted frieze; blocking course. Wings with 3 windows each to courtyard. Gauged brick flat arches to recessed sashes. Stone eaves cornice. On north elevations of wings ground floor windows of Palladian type with Ionic order. West facade: 6 windows with veranda of copper tented roof supported on cast-iron Ionic openwork pillars with palmette design. South front: central block of 3 storeys 7 windows, linked on either side by single storey units to the 5-bay single storey orangery on the left and similar library to the right. Stucco central block with slated hipped roof and slab chimney-stacks. 3 central window bays slightly projecting. Ground floor with a shallow, round-arched niche at either angle. Square-headed part glazed (with glazing bars) central doorway in shallow, round-arched niche. Pilasters of Adam's own invention rise through the 1st and 2nd floors, paired at the angles to carry an entablature and over the projecting bays, a pediment with enriched tympanum. Recessed sashes; above the 1st floor sashes enriched stucco rectangular panels. Bands at 1st and 2nd floor levels. Linking units with Palladian windows, band above (continued from 1st floor of central block) and blocking course. Orangery with Ionic attached columns, paired at angles, supporting an entablature. Round arched windows in shallow recesses with impost bands. Slated hipped roof. Library similar except for square-headed sashes in round-arched recesses. INTERIOR: largely redecorated by Adam with ceilings and murals by Antonio Zucchi and Angelica Kauffman. Especially notable is Adam's barrel-vaulted library with apses at each end screened by giant Corinthian columns; also by Adam are the library anteroom and the main staircase with iron handrail. The marble hall with a lantern carried on segmental arches was added c1795. HISTORICAL NOTE: the original brick box was renovated c1749 for John, 3rd Earl of Bute, acquired by the 1st Earl of Mansfield in 1754 and remodelled as a holiday retreat by Adam. It became a permanent residence in 1780, the 2nd Earl setting the road back to its current line in 1793 allowing the house to stand free in the park. The bulk of the estate bought in 1922 to save it from redevelopment and in 1924 vested in the London County Council. The house and collection of paintings donated 1927 by Edward Cecil Guinness, first Earl of Iveagh. (Survey of London: Vol. XVII: London: -1936: 114-132).

Listing NGR: TQ2708587418


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 04 Jan 2007
Reference: IOE01/16282/20
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Anthony Rau. Source Historic England Archive
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