Heritage Category:
Listed Building
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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Bath and North East Somerset (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference:
ST 68714 67002



ST6867 THE SHALLOWS 739-1/6/94 (East side) 19/06/75 Old Brass Mill (Formerly Listed as: KEYNSHAM THE SHALLOWS, Saltford Old Brass Mill)


Brass mill, now disused. C18 origins, substantially rebuilt early C19, in operation until 1924; restored 1995. Coursed rubble with ashlar quoins, stone and pre-cast copper slag dressings and gabled pantile roofs. PLAN: complex building on an island site between the River Avon and the mill leat to west. 3 parallel ranges running east and west towards the river; further range runs at right-angles over the mill leat on west side. At north side is the former annealing furnace with tall, battered square stack. Evidence for 4, possibly 5, wheel pits. EXTERIOR: single-storey building. Segmental-headed openings on south ranges with paired casement fenestration; east gable ends now exposed revealing internal simple king-post roof structure. An undershot millwheel with metal blades and some related machinery survives in an open-arched recess facing south. INTERIOR: some segmental stone arcades to internal dividing walls and kiln areas survive. Collar trusses and king post trusses reflect different phases of development within the building. HISTORICAL NOTE: the strong local brass industry began in the early years of the C18 with 2 brass mills established by Abraham Darby. The Saltford mill is an important survivor of this industry. A full analysis and historical account is given in the report by the City of Hereford Archaeological Unit. Scheduled Ancient Monument. (White E: Keynsham and Saltford: Keynsham: 1990-: 26, 27; Journal of the Historical Metallurgical Society: 1988-: 24-37; City of Hereford Archaeological Unit: Report on Saltford Brass Mill for English Heritage: 1995-; BIAS Journal Vol.9: Joan Day: 1976-; Research Paper No.77: Ironbridge Institute: 1991-).

Listing NGR: ST6871467002


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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Books and journals
White, E , Keynsham and Saltford, (1990), 26,27
'Ironbridge Institute Research Paper' in 77, (1991)
'Journal of the Historical Metallurgical Society' in Journal of the Historical Metallurgical Society, (1988), 24-37
Day, J, 'Bristol Industrial Archaeology Society' in 9, (1976)
Report on Saltford Brass Mill for English Heritage, City of Hereford Archaeological Unit Report, (1995)


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 02 Feb 2008
Reference: IOE01/17107/34
Rights: Copyright IoE Lorna Freeman. Source Historic England Archive
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