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Smeaton's Tower

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: Smeaton's Tower

List entry Number: 1386470


Smeaton's Tower, The Hoe, Plymouth, PL1 2NZ

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: City of Plymouth

District Type: Unitary Authority


National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 25-Jan-1954

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Nov-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 473857

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


This list entry was subject to a Minor Enhancement on 04/06/2018

SX4753 740-1/66/309 PLYMOUTH The Hoe Smeaton's Tower

(Formerly listed as The Smeaton Tower, THE PROMENADE, Hoe, previously listed as: THE HOE, Plymouth, The Smeaton Tower)

25/01/54 GV I Resited upper part of the former Eddystone Lighthouse. 1759 by John Smeaton, erected here on new base in 1882. Circular tapered tower of painted granite ashlar; octagonal lantern with glazing bars and ogee-shaped roof surmounted by ball finial and weather vane; small four-pane windows to tower. When this lighthouse was first built it was considered to be an important technical achievement.

HISTORICAL NOTE: The Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) was formed by Emmeline Pankhurst in 1903. From 1905 its members, known as suffragettes, used forms of direct action in their campaign, beginning with civil disobedience and escalating to include serious criminal damage and bombing. On 19 April 1913 a home-made suffragette bomb, consisting of a cylinder packed with explosive matter, was found at the entrance to Smeaton Tower. ‘Votes for women’ and ‘death in ten minutes’ were painted on the outside, but the wick, which had been lit, had blown out and the device did not ignite. These random attacks were carried out regularly by the WSPU in 1913 and 1914. Plymouth may have been targeted as Emmeline Pankhurst was arrested there on her return from a speaking tour of the USA the previous December.

This list entry was amended in 2018 as part of the centenary commemorations of the 1918 Representation of the People Act.

Listing NGR: SX4776253799

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Pevsner, N, Cherry, B, The Buildings of England: Devon, (1989), 665

National Grid Reference: SX 47762 53799


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End of official listing