OUR LADY AND ST WALSTAN RC CHURCH

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1393711
Date first listed:
05-Mar-2010
Statutory Address:
OUR LADY AND ST WALSTAN RC CHURCH, TOWN HOUSE ROAD

Map

Ordnance survey map of OUR LADY AND ST WALSTAN RC CHURCH
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Location

Statutory Address:
OUR LADY AND ST WALSTAN RC CHURCH, TOWN HOUSE ROAD

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Norfolk
District:
South Norfolk (District Authority)
Parish:
Costessey
National Grid Reference:
TG 17293 11583

Reasons for Designation

Our Lady and St Walstan Roman Catholic church is recommended for designation at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

* It is a comparatively little-altered, good quality example of a Roman Catholic church of the 1830s when very few were built in East Anglia. * It was designed by J C Buckler and it reflects the ideas of Pugin, with whom Buckler was working at the time. * It shows innovation both in style, being First Pointed Gothic, and in plan-form, having a well-defined chancel. * It has good fittings and stained glass windows.

Details

COSTESSEY

1135/0/10001 TOWN HOUSE ROAD 05-MAR-10 Our Lady and St Walstan RC Church

II Roman Catholic Church. 1834-41. By J.C. Buckler for the Jerningham family of Costessey Hall. Red brick laid in Flemish bond; pantiled nave, concrete tiled chancel. Plan of nave and chancel with C21 polygonal west porch.

EXTERIOR: large preaching nave of seven bays with stepped side buttresses separating tall single lancets. Angle buttresses to west end. Triple stepped lancets to west above single-storey west porch. Double stone bellcote to east nave gable, on brick plinth. Lower two-bay chancel with single lancets north and south separated by stepped side buttresses. Three stepped lancets to east end.

INTERIOR: stone west gallery (doubling as organ loft) consisting of three double-chamfered arches on circular columns and responds. One stiff-leaf roundel in central spandrels. String course and plain parapet. Stone staircase in south-west corner, with panelled balustrade. North-west corner opposite partly filled in. Panelled dado below nave windows. Roof of principals, secondary rafters and ridge piece.Chamfered chancel arch with roll-moulded hoodmould. Panelled chancel dado, raised for reredos. Circular font with arcade of trefoils in arches to the bowl. Stations of the Cross painted in oil on canvas within timber frames. East chancel lancets with glass by James Grant, 1841, that in centre light probably replaced by Joseph Grant c. 1860. One south and one north chancel lancet with glass by James Grant, 1841.

HISTORY: J.C. Buckler was commissioned in about 1826 by the Jerningham family to begin remodelling Costessey Hall, the family seat, and in 1834 began a new Catholic church in the village when he had only the experience of remodelling the chancel at Adderbury, Oxfordshire, behind him. It took seven years to complete and during this time Buckler was working with Pugin on remodelling Oxburgh Hall and building its chapel, and will have known of his advanced ideas. Buckler was thus aware of the Gothic-Classical stylistic question and also of the move from Nonconformist design in Catholic circles, and this church is advanced in style and in one feature in plan-formm as well. For style he chose the First Pointed, so the building relies on lancet windows, in the flanks separated by stepped buttresses. Nevertheless, the building still has Nonconformist elements: the interior has a preaching-box air to it and the body of the church is a large aisleless rectangle. Entirely new for East Anglia and new even in England for a Roman Catholic church, however, is the provision of a well-defined chancel of two bays, separated on the interior by a pointed moulded chancel arch. The west end of the nave still has a gallery, here of stone and presenting three bold pointed arches. In the chancel are five important early stained glass windows by the Grant Bros.

SOURCES: Wilson, W, D, Roman Catholic Churches and Chapels in East Anglia, unpubd. report for English Heritage (1998)

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION: Our Lady and St Walstan Roman Catholic church is designated at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

* It is a comparatively little-altered, good quality example of a Roman Catholic church of the 1830s when very few were built in East Anglia. * It was designed by J C Buckler and it reflects the ideas of Pugin, with whom Buckler was working at the time. * It shows innovation both in style, being First Pointed Gothic, and in plan-form, having a well-defined chancel. * It has good fittings and stained glass windows.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
501950
Legacy System:
LBS

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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