Fleetwood Memorial Park
- Heritage Category:
- Park and Garden
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Statutory Address:
- FLEETWOOD MEMORIAL PARK, PARK AVENUE
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- Statutory Address:
- FLEETWOOD MEMORIAL PARK, PARK AVENUE
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Wyre (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
A First World War memorial park designed and developed in 1926 by Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie as a memorial to the Fallen of Fleetwood and the surrounding area.
Reasons for Designation
This mid-1920s First World War memorial park is registered at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Rarity: Few First World War memorial parks and gardens were commissioned and of those that were only two, at Nottingham and Walsall, are registered. * Interest: It is a poignant reminder of the sacrifice of residents of the town and surrounding area during both World Wars and later military campaigns and as such it connects Fleetwood with great events on the world stage. * Architect: The park's designer, Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie, was a town planner and civic designer of national repute. * Intactness: The park's 1926 layout survives relatively intact and the circular focal point containing the war memorial with five radiating avenues remains as originally designed. * Group Value: It has strong group value with the war memorial located within the park, and the park gates at the east end of Remembrance Avenue which have been built in the form of a triumphal arch.
CHRONOLOGY OF HISTORIC DEVELOPMENT:
Fleetwood Memorial Park was developed out of the earlier Warrenhurst Park, itself an early-C20 park designed by Thomas Lumb of Blackpool for the Fleetwood Estate Company on land formerly belonging to Warrenhurst House. The company later gave Warrenhurst Park to the Borough of Fleetwood as a gift to the townspeople. In 1925 the noted town planner Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie, RIBA, (1879-1957) developed the park into a memorial to the Fallen of World War I and it was renamed the Memorial Park. Two years later a war memorial statue was commissioned and was designed and sculpted by Herbert Tyson Smith. It was installed in the main avenue, known as Remembrance Avenue, and the avenue was lined with elm trees (replanted in 2010), each of which was dedicated to a family in Fleetwood who had been bereaved during the war. At about this time Alex Edwards became the Park Superintendant. Edwards had previously designed the rock gardens at Kew and he, along with the next Park Superintendant, Mr Hewitson, were responsible for the installation of the lily pond and rockery, the rose garden, greenhouses, nurseries, bowling greens and tennis courts. The park was later extended slightly at its north-west corner to incorporate part of the garden of the former house known as Warrenhurst.
In the latter half of the C20 a number of further changes were made. Amongst the most significant were the removal of a formal park entrance on Wellbeck Avenue, the moving of tennis courts and pavilions from their earlier location flanking the south-western avenue to a position north west of the war memorial, construction of a replacement tennis pavilion, the creation of three bowling greens and construction of two associated pavilions to the south-east of the war memorial. In recent years modern railings have been installed along the boundary with Park Avenue, anti-vandal fencing has been installed around the bowling greens and a new children's play area has been created. The tennis courts are now (2011) unused and the pavilion is now used for maintenance purposes.
LOCATION, SETTING, LANDFORM, BOUNDARIES AND AREA:
Fleetwood Memorial Park is located towards the centre of the town approximately midway between the River Wyre to the east and the coast to the west. It is roughly triangular in shape, c 7ha in area, and its boundary is formed by railings on its east side flanking Park Avenue. At the north-east corner its boundary follows the rear boundary of houses at the junction of Birch Street and Percy Street while its northern boundary runs along the rear boundary of houses on the south side of Percy Street and Hollywood Grove before running along the east side of Wellbeck Avenue and along the south side of the Wellbeck Gardens. The park's west boundary runs along the eastern boundary of houses flanking Harrow Avenue and Rowntree Avenue. Its south boundary is formed by a combination of concrete fencing adjacent to its south-west corner and the boundary of the adjacent football stadium.
ENTRANCES AND APPROACHES: Access to the park is gained from five entrances. The main entrance is from Park Avenue through the triumphal archway and gates on the east side of the park. Another metal-gated entrance is located at the end of Wolsley Road on the north side of the park where there are brick and sandstone gate posts topped by ball finials. There is a third entrance flanked by low modern walls on the park's north side at the end of Wellbeck Avenue. A fourth metal-gated entrance is situated near the park's south west corner and is of a similar design to that at the end of Wolseley Road but is on a smaller scale. A fifth entrance to the park is located at the junction of Park Avenue and Nelson Road at the southern end of the park.
PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS: The park's principal design element is the circular focal point containing the centrally-placed war memorial (NHLE 1116884). Five main avenues radiate out from here. The main avenue is Remembrance Avenue which runs east-west from the triumphal arch forming the main east gateway (NHLE 1403509) and which is lined with sycamore trees and shrubs. Other avenues run north to a gateway at the end of Wolsley Road, south-west towards a rock garden and ornamental pond, and south east to a small gateway on Park Avenue.
GARDENS AND PLEASURE GROUNDS: To the south-west of the war memorial there is a triangular sunken rose garden with a small centrally-placed circular lawn from which paths radiate in five directions. South of the rose garden modern seating and a modern children's play area have recently been installed. Immediately to the west is an avenue connecting the park's Wellbeck Avenue entrance with the south-west entrance. To the west of this there is an ornamental pond with a limestone rockery lining, trees, shrubs, flowerbeds and a limestone rockery. The western end of the park is devoted to a wild flower meadow.
PARK: To the south of the war memorial there is a large rectangular playing field with areas for football pitches. A children's playground occupies the south west corner of this area.
OTHER ITEMS OF PARTICULAR INTEREST: Recreational facilities include three bowling greens to the south east of the war memorial. These are overlooked by two pavilions, one built in brick and largely rendered beneath a hipped roof, the other built of timber beneath a pitched roof. To the north west of the war memorial there is a brick-built former tennis pavilion beneath a concrete-tiled hipped roof which overlooks former tennis courts surrounded by chain link fencing.
This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 19/07/2016
This List entry has been amended to add sources for War Memorials Online and the War Memorials Register. These sources were not used in the compilation of this List entry but are added here as a guide for further reading, 2 February 2017.
Books and journals
Hartwell, C, Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Lancashire North, (2009)
'Fleetwood Chronicle' in Plan of Fleetwood's Memorial Park, (21st October 1927)
Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie, accessed from http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/30322
War Memorials Online, accessed 2 February 2017 from https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/memorial/139045
War Memorials Register, accessed 2 February 2017 from http://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/42700
English Heritage, Commemorative Structures Selection Guide, (2007)
English Heritage, Parks and Gardens Register Guidance Manual, (2001)
Jordan, H, English Heritage: Public Parks review: Summary, 2003,
Title: Ordnance Survey Map (1:2500) Source Date: 1892 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey Map (1:2500) Source Date: 1932 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
This garden or other land is registered under the Historic Buildings and Ancient Monuments Act 1953 within the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens by Historic England for its special historic interest.
End of official listing