List Entry Summary
This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.
Name: Bee Boles
List entry Number: 1433160
Dannonchapel Farm, St. Teath, Bodmin, PL30 3LR
The listed building(s) is/are shown coloured blue on the attached map. Pursuant to s.1 (5A) of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 (‘the Act’), structures attached to or within the curtilage of the listed building (save those coloured blue on the map) are not to be treated as part of the listed building for the purposes of the Act.
The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District Type: Unitary Authority
Parish: St. Teath
National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.
Date first listed: 04-May-2016
Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.
This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.
List entry Description
Summary of Building
A farmyard wall with bee boles constructed of Delabole stone and slate, of late-C18 or early-C19 date.
Reasons for Designation
The bee bole wall at Dannonchapel Farm, St Teath, Cornwall is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Architectural interest: the structure is built using a Cornish method once that is not only structurally sound but also provides distinctive ‘V’ splayed piers in local stone as an interesting if modest example of the vernacular vocabulary; * Historic interest: bee boles are a distinctive physical record of an historic agricultural activity; * Rarity: bee bole structures are relatively uncommon survivals; * Degree of survival: these bee boles are largely intact.
The manor of ‘Duuenant’ was recorded at Domesday when it was held by Blohin from Count Robert of Mortain, 2nd Earl of Cornwall (c.1031-1090). The manor was probably centred on Dannonchapel, and this name was first recorded in 1306, the ‘chapel’ suffix indicating that a manorial chapel once stood in the vicinity. The current farm buildings date from the C18 to C20, or possibly slightly earlier, and the farmhouse and garden walls are shown on the Tithe Map of 1840. In 1958, the bee boles were recorded for the Register of Bee Boles by the National Beekeeping Museum and at this time it was considered that they were at least 100 years old. Bee boles were built as an integral part of a wall, open only at the front, in which a straw skep (holding a bee colony) was placed to shield it from wind and rain. The wall is shown on the tithe map of 1843 and may date to the construction of the adjacent farmhouse, c. late C18 or early C19. The farm became redundant in the later C20.
The farm was bought by the National Trust in 1991 and incorporated into the Cornwall North Coast Path (later part of the South West Coast Path), by which time it was semi- ruinous. The bee boles were recorded at this time, one of which “needs attention but is almost complete.” A survey of 1999 by the International Bee Research Association stated that the bee boles had been restored. In the C21, the farmhouse and farm buildings have further deteriorated, although the bee boles are largely complete.
A set of five bee boles in a farmhouse garden wall, probably of C18 or C19 date, although one bole was rebuilt in the late C20.
DESCRIPTION: constructed of Delabole slate and slate stone the bee boles are set within a rubble stone wall approximately 130cm in height. The boles take the form of five slate shelves divided by four ‘V’- shaped splayed piers of approximately nine 9 slender courses of stone, narrowest at the bottom and progressively wider towards the top. Each compartment is 40cm (16 inch) tall by 50cm (19 inch) wide and deep. Each bole was used for the storage of a bee colony, usually in a skep. The bee boles are lined with slate to the top, bottom and sides, projecting slightly from the wall.
The International Bee Research Association – Bee Bole Register – 0335, accessed 02/02/2016 from http://ibra.beeboles.org.uk/search_detail.php?beeboleIBRARegNo=0335
An archaeological assessment of Dannonchapel Farm, St Teath, Cornwall, Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 1993
National Beekeeping Museum Report - Dannon Chapel Farm - 0335, 1958
Vernacular Building Record of Dannonchapel, Delabole, St Teath, National Trust, 1992
National Grid Reference: SX0381482366
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End of official listing