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Inns of Court Officers Training Corps Memorial, Berkhamsted Common

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: Inns of Court Officers Training Corps Memorial, Berkhamsted Common

List entry Number: 1437412

Location

Junction of New Road and Potten End Road, Berkhamsted Golf Course, Berkhamsted Common, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, HP4 2RQ

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hertfordshire

District: Dacorum

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Nettleden with Potten End

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II

Date first listed: 01-Nov-2016

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

First World War memorial. Erected circa 1920.

Reasons for Designation

The Inns of Court Officers Training Corps Memorial, erected in c1920 on Berkhamsted Common, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Architectural interest: as an elegant stone obelisk resting upon a moulded base, pedestal and stepped base; * Commemorative: as a tangible reminder of the men of the Inns of Court Officer Training Corp, who trained in the nearby First World War training trenches on Berkhamsted Common, and the sacrifice they made for their country; * Historic interest: as a war memorial that has strong cultural and historic significance within both a local and national context.

History

The Inns of Court Officers Training Corps (OTC) was a territorial unit based in Chancery Lane with a close association with the legal profession. Its motto was ‘salus populi suprema lex’ (‘the safety of the people is the supreme law’) and its nickname was ‘The Devil’s Own’. On 28 September 1914 a training camp was formed at Berkhamsted, including a tented camp near the railway station and a parade ground (now known as ‘Kitchener’s Field'), with field training taking place on Berkhamsted and Northchurch commons. It remained at Berkhamsted until June 1919. Over 13km of training trenches were dug on the commons as part of the training (about 600m of trenches remain today at SP 998 102). Following training here, many men headed to the battlefields of northern France. During the course of the war, approximately 13,800 men passed through the corps and nearly 12,000 gained commissions. Three Victoria Crosses were awarded, among numerous other decorations. A total of 5,000 men from the corps were wounded and 2,147 died during the conflict.

A memorial was erected on Berkhamsted Common in circa 1920 to commemorate those men who lost their lives. An inscription was later added to the memorial to commemorate Lieutenant Colonel Francis Henry Lancelot Errington (1854-1942), Commanding Officer of the corps from 1913-1916. Lieutenant Colonel Errington wrote a history of the corps, which was published in 1922.

Details

First World War memorial. Erected circa 1920.

MATERIALS: carved from stone.

DESCRIPTION: the war memorial stands on Berkhamsted Golf Course at the junction of New Road and Potten End Road. It is situated a short distance to the SE of the site of the Inns of Court Officer Training Corps practice trenches on Berkhamsted Common

The memorial comprises a stone obelisk with a moulded base, which stands on a chamfered and moulded square pedestal and a two-stepped base. The upper step of the base is constructed of red brickwork and stone to form a St George’s Cross and St Patrick’s Saltire. On the body of the pedestal is the inscription in incised lettering IN MEMORY OF THE INNS OF/ COURT OFFICERS TRAINING/ CORPS. WHO IN THIS NEIGHBOUR/ HOOD TRAINED OVER TWELVE/ THOUSAND MEN TO SERVE/ AS COMMISSIONED OFFICERS/ IN THE GREAT WAR 1914- 1918/ AND IN AFFECTIONATE/ REMEMBRANCE OF THE TWO/ THOUSAND WHO GAVE THEIR/ LIVES FOR THEIR COUNTRY/ THIS MONUMENT IS ERECTED/ BY MEMBERS & FRIENDS OF/ THE CORPS and beneath it is the corps motto SALUS POPULI SUPREMA LEX. On the base of the pedestal is the inscription NEAR THIS SPOT LIE THE ASHES OF/ LIEUT. COL. F.H.L. ERRINGTON C.B. V.D/ WHO SERVED THE CORPS FOR 36 YEARS/ AND WAS ITS LOVED & HONOURED/ COMMANDER: 1913-1916.

This List entry has been amended to add the source for War Memorials Online. This source was not used in the compilation of this List entry but is added here as a guide for further reading, 15 March 2017.

Selected Sources

Websites
Dacorum Heritage, accessed 5 July 2016 from http://www.dacorumheritage.org.uk/article/the-inns-of-court-otc-regiment/
Errington, M, The Inns of Court Officers Training Corps during the Great War (1922), Retrieved from The Internet Archive, accessed 5 July 2016 from https://archive.org/details/innsofcourtoffic00erri
Hertfordshire Life, accessed 5 July 2016 from http://www.hertfordshirelife.co.uk/out-about/places/never_such_innocence_again_berkhamsted_s_first_world_war_training_camp_1_3731110
Roll of Honour, accessed 5 July 2016 from http://www.roll-of-honour.com/Hertfordshire/BerkhamsteadInnsoftheCourt.html
The Law Gazette, accessed 5 July 2016 from http://www.lawgazette.co.uk/solicitors-in-world-war-one/in-search-of-the-inns-of-court-trenches/5041942.fullarticle#
War Memorials Online, accessed 15 March 2017 from https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/memorial/220866
War Memorials Register , accessed 5 July 2016 from http://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/2815

National Grid Reference: TL0050909264

Map

Map
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End of official listing