Norham War Memorial

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1439671
Date first listed:
02-Dec-2016
Statutory Address:
Junction of Church Lane and Pedwell Way, Norham, Berwick Upon Tweed, Northumberland, TD15 2LD

Map

© Crown Copyright and database right 2021. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2021. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1439671.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 25-Jan-2021 at 05:24:56.

Location

Statutory Address:
Junction of Church Lane and Pedwell Way, Norham, Berwick Upon Tweed, Northumberland, TD15 2LD

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Norham
National Grid Reference:
NT8986047395

Summary

First World War memorial, unveiled 1919, with later additions for the Second World War.

Reasons for Designation

Norham War Memorial, which stands on the green at the northern end of Pedwell Way, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifice it has made in the conflicts of the C20; * Architectural interest: a richly ornamented cross in the early medieval style; * Group value: with a number of Grade II-listed buildings.

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead: therefore the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss. One such memorial was raised at Norham as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War.

The memorial, thought to be only the second to have been raised in the Borders, was dedicated by Reverend J Crawford and Canon Robeson on 28 May 1919. The whole village turned out for the ecumenical service. Funded through public subscriptions, the cross was designed and made by Messrs John S Rhind of Edinburgh. It commemorates 23 local servicemen who died in the First World War. Following the Second World War a further 12 names of men who died in that conflict were added.

Details

The memorial stands on a small triangular green at the north end of Pedwell Way, in close proximity to surrounding buildings listed at Grade II. The c5m tall sandstone cross is decorated with interlace patterns carved in relief to the upper parts of the front face. Below these the lower part of the cross shaft carries the principal dedicatory inscription, with letters cut in relief, reading ERECTED IN MEMORY/ OF OFFICERS, NCOS AND/ MEN OF NORHAM WHO/ FELL IN THE WAR OF/ 1914-1918/ (NAMES)/ 1939 – 1945/ (NAMES).

The final name is cut into the riser of the cross’s moulded foot, with below LEST WE FORGET. The cross stands on a low base inscribed "THOSE WHO LAID DOWN THEIR/ LIVES THAT WE MIGHT LIVE". The base stands on a low square step. The memorial is enclosed by nine low stone pyramidal pillars, each square on plan, supporting pairs of metal bars. Paving slabs to the front of the memorial lead from the grass to the cross.

This List entry has been amended to add sources for War Memorials Online and the War Memorials Register. These sources were not used in the compilation of this List entry but are added here as a guide for further reading, 22 February 2017.

Sources

Websites
North East War Memorials Project, accessed 19/09/2016 from http://www.newmp.org.uk/detail.php?contentId=8087
War Memorials Online, accessed 22 February 2017 from https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/memorial/234728
War Memorials Register, accessed 22 February 2017 from http://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/33508
Other
"Norham War Memorial Dedicated", The Berwickshire News and General Advertiser, 3 June 1919, p5.

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].