Early Christian Memorial Stone at Sampford Spiney

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1462653
Date first listed:
25-Apr-2019
Location Description:
Located at NGR SX 52987168, used as a gatepost on west side of lane leading from Huckworthy Cross to Plasterdown, in parish of Sampford Spiney, 300m NNE of Sampford Barton.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Early Christian Memorial Stone at Sampford Spiney
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1462653.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2019 at 01:07:00.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Located at NGR SX 52987168, used as a gatepost on west side of lane leading from Huckworthy Cross to Plasterdown, in parish of Sampford Spiney, 300m NNE of Sampford Barton.
County:
Devon
District:
West Devon (District Authority)
Parish:
Sampford Spiney
National Park:
DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference:
SX5298171684

Summary

An Early Christian Memorial Stone, thought to date from the C6-C8, in use as a gatepost.

Reasons for Designation

The Early Christian Memorial Stone at Sampford Spiney, which is thought to date from the C6-C8, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Architectural interest:

* for the textual and sculptural interest of the inscription, as an example of early Christian text and language.

Historic interest:

* as a rare example of a memorial stone from the early Christian period, giving an insight into the rituals and practices of commemoration at that time.

History

Early Christian memorial stones are inscribed free-standing stones commemorating named individuals and dating to the early medieval period (AD 400-1100). The stones are erect, roughly dressed or undressed slabs, bearing incised inscriptions, usually set in one or more vertical lines down one face of the slab. Early Christian memorial stones are largely restricted to areas which retained Celtic traditions during the early medieval period. In England, they are almost entirely confined to the south-west peninsula.

This inscribed memorial stone at Sampford Spiney is thought to date from around the C6 to C8, and was first recorded in its present location as a field gatepost in 1997. It is an example of the memorial stones found in Devon and Cornwall, where they appear to have been used to commemorate important local people. Inscriptions on the stones are generally in Latin, and some incorporate Christian symbolism. Many of the names found on these stones are of Irish or Welsh origins, giving clues about the make-up of society in the region at that time, and the stones are likely to have commemorated the elite of that society.

The surviving text on the stone at Sampford Spiney is understood to read 'IRENR', although there may be letters lost from either end of the text. The inscription may have read '[the stone] of X', or '[the stone of] -us, [of] Renr-'. The origin of the name has not been established, but it may have similarities to Welsh names recorded from the period.

Details

An Early Christian memorial stone, thought to date from the C6-C8, in use as a gatepost.

MATERIALS AND PLAN: the stone is of granite and is in use as a gatepost, on the west side of a lane from Huckworthy Cross to Tavistock.

DESCRIPTION: the stone stands at approximately 1.6m high, although there is clearly further stone below ground. It has four letters cut into its eastern face reading RE NR. Towards the base of the stone is a vertical slot, which probably represents the horizontal letter I.

Close to the top of the stone are other marks which may represent further letters or which may be decorative. There is a modern steel gate fixed to the stone.

Sources

Books and journals
Greeves, T, 'The Start of History - Two Inscribed Stones from Western Dartmoor' in Dartmoor Magazine, , Vol. 91, (2008), 8-10
Okasha, E, 'A Supplement to Corpus of Early Christian Inscribed Stones' in Cornish Archaeology, , Vol. 37-8, (2003), 140-142
Other
Devon and Dartmoor Historic Environment Record ref. MDV66671
Pastscape monument no.1585523

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].