Roman Catholic Church of St Patrick, along with the attached steps and railings

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1468110
Date first listed:
09-Jun-2020
Statutory Address:
Beachfield Road, Sandown, PO36 8LT

Map

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Location

Statutory Address:
Beachfield Road, Sandown, PO36 8LT

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Sandown
National Grid Reference:
SZ5944683891

Summary

Roman Catholic church with church hall and vestry below, built between 1928 and 1929, designed by WC Mangan of Preston. Also attached steps and railings.

Reasons for Designation

The Roman Catholic Church of St Patrick,along with the attached steps and railings, built between 1928 and 1929 to designs by WC Mangan of Preston in Sandown, Isle of Wight, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Architectural interest:

* it is an accomplished Hiberno-Romanesque design by the well-regarded church architect WC Mangan; * internally, it is well-detailed with a good variety of carved motifs and a vibrant set of stained-glass window by the noted Irish firm Harry Clarke Studios.

History

In 1907 Father de Manivellers became Sandown's first resident priest, saying Mass at Albert Lodge Chapel. In 1914 Father John Flynn proposed the building of a permanent church on the site of a pair of semi-detached houses. The construction of the church was delayed by the First World War and the need for fundraising. The foundation stone was laid in May 1928 and the Church of St Patrick was opened on 25 June 1929. The Romanesque design with Celtic influences appears to have been closely modelled on Honan Chapel at Cork University, Ireland, built in 1916 and designed by James McMullen. William Cotter, Bishop of Portsmouth from 1910 to 1940, was born in County Cork and it is believed that his likely familiarity with Honan Chapel may have influenced the design of St Patrick's. The round tower, however, is closer in form to that at Glendalough, County Wicklow.

The church architect was Wilfred Clarence Mangan (1884-1968). Born and based in Preston, he also had an office in Southampton Street, London. He was in partnership with his brother James Henry Mangan from around 1920 until 1926. Wilfred was amongst the most prolific inter-war and post-war Roman-Catholic church architects in the country. His other works include the Church of English Martyrs Tilehurst, Reading (1915-1926, Grade II), the Chapel of St Margaret, Canning Town, London (1929-1930, Grade II) and the Church of Our Lady of Willesden, Brent, London (1930, Grade II).

The church contains stained glass windows by Harry Clarke Studios of Dublin. Harry Patrick Clarke (1889-1931) was an Irish stained-glass artist, book illustrator, and an important figure in the Irish Arts and Crafts movement. He was responsible for several notable stained glass commissions including nine windows in Honan Chapel in the 1910s. Harry was diagnosed with tuberculosis in 1930 and died in January 1931. His business continued after his death as Harry Clarke Studios. It was likely due to this work at Honan Chapel that his studio was asked to create windows for St Patrick's.

Details

Roman Catholic church with church hall and vestry below, with attached steps and railings, built between 1928 and 1929, designed by WC Mangan of Preston.

MATERIALS: faced in coursed-ashlar, concrete-based reconstructed stone with a slate roof.

PLAN: the church has a cruciform plan which is orientated to the cardinal north-west to south-east; the following description of the building is made using the liturgical points. The building has a long nave, sanctuary and unequal north and south transepts; the church is at street level raised above a deep undercroft which extends under the pavement along Beachfield Road, and which incorporates a church hall, vestry and other facilities.

EXTERIOR: the two-storey building is built in a Hiberno-Romanesque style. The tripartite west porch faces onto Beachfield Road and contains the main entrance which is accessed via a set of steps that sail over the church hall below. The double-leaf door is surrounded by a carved arch with mouldings of three orders and elaborately carved cushion capitals, and flanked by carved square pilasters. The porch is topped by an effigy of St Patrick and a block of trefoil-detail carving within the gable. Above the porch is the west end gable which includes a single-light round-headed window with a carved surround and a block of stonework carved with a Celtic motif. To the right of the porch is a tall, slender cylindrical bell tower with louvres at the top and a conical roof. At the corners of the building are flat buttresses linked by an arched corbel table. To the side elevations and east end are tall narrow windows on both levels; the lower windows are paired. There is a plat band between the two floors and a drip mould that runs between and around the tops of the upper windows. To the north and south are the pitched-roof transepts; the north transept is double-pile and includes a shallow porch which incorporates a double-leaf side entrance at its lower level and is topped by a stepped roof. On the transepts left return is two-storey projecting bay with a pitched roof. The building retains several metal drain goods, although some sections of pipe and guttering have been replaced with plastic. The building is topped by a steeply pitched roof with Celtic crosses above the gables.

The undercroft projects beyond the church's west end where it is topped by a flat felt-covered roof and partly extends under the pavement; this part of the building is of lesser interest.

INTERIOR: the undivided church interior is topped by tunnel vaulted ceiling with transverse arches supported by pilasters with alternating carved capitals. The nave and transept have a parquet floor; the sanctuary is carpeted and the original tiles may survive beneath. A decorative arched corbel table links the heads of the windows. The west wall of the nave has a five-bay arcade including the larger central arch opening to the porch which is flanked by a pair of stone stoops. There are two smaller arches on the right for the confessional and two open arches to the left (formerly the baptistery). The sanctuary arch and sanctuary are decorated with mainly nailhead and dogtooth carvings, as well as some more Celtic forms. The high altar, font, ambo and arcading behind the altar have similar carved detailing. To the right of the sanctuary is the shallow south chapel under a tall arch and to the left are two similar arches which open into the north transept which includes a further chapel with a lower arch on its east return wall opening into the chapel sanctuary. The original altars are in both chapels and there are further inbuilt stoops with carved arches. The stained glass throughout the church is by the Harry Clarke Studios of Dublin, and incorporate slender figures designed in a Byzantine-influenced style. The pews are plain with open backs, and are later replacements.

Through a door in the north transept is a stairwell; it includes a bell with decorative metal bracket and pull, and a flight of stone steps with a timber handrail which lead down to the undercroft. At the bottom of the stairs is a kitchen area and entrance lobby to the north transept. Under the sanctuary is the vestry which includes an inbuilt stone stoop. There are parquets floors throughout this lower level as well as panelled doors. Under the nave is the church hall with a stage at one end. A set of partially glazed doors lead into a corridor providing access to the service area and toilets which are located beyond the west end of the church and extend under the pavement; a further set of partially glazed doors provide access to the yard to the north.

SUBSIDIARY FEATURES: the church is bounded to the west and north by a wall topped by painted metal railings with ichthys detailing. The front elevation is flanked by two set of steps lead from the pavements down to the undercroft; one has an angled banister.

A late-C20 ramp* (with a matching style of railing) added to the side of the west porch and oversailing part of the lower storey is not included in the listing.

* Pursuant to s1 (5A) of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 (‘the Act’) it is declared that the attached ramp and its railings are not of special architectural or historic interest, however any works which have the potential to affect the character of the listed building as a building of special architectural or historic interest may still require LBC and this is a matter for the LPA to determine.

Sources

Books and journals
Antram, Nicholas, Taking Stock report: St Patrick, Sandown, (2007)
Lloyd, D, Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (2006)
Websites
Harry Clarke , accessed 17 January 2020 from https://www.dia.ie/architects/view/1062/CLARKE%2C+HARRY+%2A
Wilfred Clarence Mangan, accessed 17 January 2020 from https://manchestervictorianarchitects.org.uk/architects/wilfred-clarence-mangan
Other
Isle of Wight County Archaeology and Historic Environment Service Monument Full Report : 6171 - MIW7494 St Patrick's Roman Catholic Church

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

The listed building(s) is/are shown coloured blue on the attached map. Pursuant to s1 (5A) of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 (‘the Act’) structures attached to or within the curtilage of the listed building but not coloured blue on the map, are not to be treated as part of the listed building for the purposes of the Act. However, any works to these structures which have the potential to affect the character of the listed building as a building of special architectural or historic interest may still require Listed Building Consent (LBC) and this is a matter for the Local Planning Authority (LPA) to determine.

End of official listing

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