Front view of figurehead enclosed by metal railings

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This figurehead from HMS Arethusa, one of a series of three training ships based in Kent from 1867, has been listed at Grade II © Historic England

HMS Arethusa Figurehead Listed at Grade II

A wooden figurehead from the Royal Navy ship HMS Arethusa has been listed at Grade II by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport on the advice of Historic England.

HMS Arethusa went into battle in the Crimean War in 1854. From 1867 she was one of the three training ships based in Kent.

The figurehead was carved by James Hellyer and Sons of London and Portsmouth who had a long tradition as ships’ carvers. The ship’s figurehead is a 3.5 metre high painted female bust, with brown hair parted in the centre. She is wearing an early Victorian period dress with her right breast exposed, as in the 19th century people believed a naked woman would calm a storm at sea.

Figurehead from HMS Arethusa
Figurehead from HMS Arethusa © Historic England

HMS Arethusa was decommissioned in 1874 and loaned to a charity called ‘Shaftesbury Homes and Arethusa’. It functioned as a training ship and boarding school for boys, preparing them for service in the Royal Navy or Merchant Navy.

The figurehead was taken and displayed by the charity, now called ‘Shaftesbury Young People’, at Lower Upnor, Rochester. The site has since been developed into the Arethusa Venture Centre. The figurehead is sited outside the front of the Centre, facing Upnor Reach, River Medway.

Figurehead of the Marquis of Wellesley
Half figure of the Marquis of Wellesley, Governor General of India, from HMS Wellesey dated c. 1839. It was listed at Grade II in 1971 and stands approximately 50 metres south of Royal Dockyard Church, Main Gate Road, Chatham Dockyard, Medway, Kent. © Historic England IOE 01/00742/18

There are four other listed figureheads in England including:

There are also five figureheads incorporated into listed buildings such as the
Jolly Sailor Public House in Bursledon, Hampshire and the Old Carpenters Arms in Littlebury, Essex.

Figurehead of Admiral Lord Howe
This figurehead from the 1860 warship Admiral Lord Howe was listed at Grade II in 1983 and stands to the north of Pipers, The Lee, Chiltern, Buckinghamshire © Historic England IOE 01/01117/04

HMS Arethusa’s figurehead is a rare survivor of the Crimean War and an important symbol of Britain’s maritime heritage. By protecting it, we are ensuring that an important part of the country's seafaring history is preserved for future generations. Michael Ellis, Heritage Minister

The survival of former bow figureheads as statues helps demonstrate the rich and colourful history of our maritime past. HMS Arethusa’s figurehead is a tangible reminder of the heyday of sailing ships in the Royal Navy. By listing the figurehead, we can now be certain that its future and the power of the story behind the carving will not be lost. Duncan Wilson, Chief Executive of Historic England

Figurehead from the 1842 wreck of the Caledonia
The figurehead from the 1842 wreck of the Caledonia was listed at Grade II in 1985 and stands in the churchyard at St Morwenna and St John the Baptist's Church in Morwenstow, North Cornwall © Historic England AA98/04739
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