Urban and Public Realm Heritage
England’s towns and cities contain a rich, varied and much-loved heritage of historic buildings. In addition they include shared spaces such as streets, squares, parks and seafronts. Today most of us live in urban areas and are acutely aware of the quality of our built environment. We realise that it is often subject to pressure for development and change, and can suffer bouts of decline and neglect.
From the distant past, our towns and cities have been shaped by specific forces – such as trade, industry, transport, religion, military activity or entertainment – and have developed their own unique characteristics. The experience of visiting a bustling market town, for example, is very different from that offered by a thriving port. And our refined cathedral cities present a sharp contrast to our seaside resorts. Similarly, leafy residential suburbs provide a foil for commercial and civic centres.
Historic England plays a crucial role in safeguarding the special character of these diverse places, for the benefit of residents and visitors, and for present and future generations.
Understanding is the first step towards appreciating and protecting our heritage, and so we have developed a programme of projects that will enable ourselves and others to identify and articulate the most important aspects of the urban built environment.
Some of our approaches are ‘broad brush’. We have developed methodologies – notably Characterisation and Historic Area Assessment –allowing people to analyse whole towns or specific localities and identify what is special about them.
On a different scale, several of our projects embrace all of England and are thematic in scope, giving us the tools to assess the rarity, variety and value of particular classes of heritage asset within a national context.
Other work, often carried out in support of Historic England planning and designation casework, focuses on individual historic assets. At a time of economic downturn and changing technology, even our most splendid libraries and town halls – buildings which reflect the civic pride of previous generations – can have uncertain futures.
At one end of the timelime of the historic fabric of our towns, we are carrying out projects to discover the heritage of early urban buildings from the Middle Ages that are sometimes hidden behind more recent facades.
At the more recent end of the timeline, one vital strand of our work seeks to ensure that the importance of post-war urban buildings is recognised through appropriate protection. A major outcome of this in 2015 is the publication of Elain Harwood’s award inning book, Space Hope and Brutalism: English Architecture 1945-1975.