Corner House Private Hotel / The Cross Keys / Corner House / 23 High Street

3 Sep 1999
Corner House Private Hotel, 98 High Street, Ingatestone And Fryerning, Brentwood, Essex, CM4 9DU
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The Cross Keys, Ingatestone And Fryerning, Brentwood, Essex, CM4 9DU
Corner House, 23 High Street, Ingatestone And Fryerning, Brentwood, Essex, CM4 9DU
23 High Street, Ingatestone And Fryerning, Brentwood, Essex, CM4 9DU
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This information is taken from the statutory List as it was in 2001 and may not be up to date.

INGATESTONE AND FRYERNING TQ6599 723-1/14/375 10/04/67 HIGH STREET,Ingatestone (South East side) No.23 and 20 (formerly Listed as: BRENTWOOD HIGH STREET, Ingatestone (South East Side) Nos.23 Corner House )

II Formerly known as: No.98 Corner House Private Hotel HIGH STREET. House, now offices. C17, altered and extended in C18 and early C19. Timber-framed, plastered, roofed with handmade red clay tiles. Complex plan comprising (1) main range facing NW, with stacks at left end and at rear right, (2) 3 adjacent rear wings, the right wing enclosing the rear stack, the middle wing having a C19 external stack at the end, (3) an early C19 lean-to extension to the rear of the 2 right wings, slightly overlapping the third (4) an C18 service range extending obliquely to rear left, following the line of Stock Lane, enclosing the side stack of the main range, with an axial stack at the end, (5) an early C19 single-storey extension beyond, with an external stack at the end, (6) minor lean-to single-storey extensions at the junction of the main range and service range. 2 storeys. The house has been extensively re-styled c1800, and most of the external features and some internal features are of that period, although an earlier hardwood frame, fully jointed and pegged, is visible in places. Ground floor, 4 sashes of 6+6 lights, c1800. First floor, 4 similar sashes, of which 3 line up with those below, and one has been moved to accommodate internal alterations. Central moulded 6-panel door, fanlight with radial tracery, in Tuscan portico with 2 - wooden columns, moulded and dentilled cornice, panelled jambs and soffit, tiled step. Plaster band at first-floor level, extending along both returns. Hipped roof with moulded eaves cornice and wrought-iron gutter brackets. The right return has plaster corner pilasters and one in the middle, covering the timber frame, and one sash of 6+6 lights on each floor, c1800. The left return has one corner pilaster and a plain parapet with plaster band; beyond it the service range has wrought-iron gutter brackets; no door or window apertures. The left stack is plastered. The rear elevation has on the ground floor one early C19 sash of 4+8 lights and one C20 replica, and on the first floor one sash of 4+8 lights, one large sash of 6+6 lights (lighting the stair), one sash of 3+6 lights, all early C19, and one of 6+6 lights, early/mid-C18. The 3 rear wings have hipped roofs; wrought iron gutter brackets on the left rear wing. The service range and extension beyond have some weatherboarding and are roofed with machine-made red tiles. It has on the first floor one early C19 window of 2 casements of 3 lights each and 3 fixed lights, and wrought-iron gutter brackets; the extension beyond has a C19 fixed light of 6 panes. Many of the windows retain handmade glass, and together comprise an exceptional collection, meriting special care. INTERIOR: the ground-floor windows at the front all have moulded panelled folding shutters in the splays and panels below. The central entrance hall has on each side a moulded 6-panel door with fluted doorcase and carved rosettes at the top corners, c1800, and a similar doorcase inside the front door; moulded wooden pilasters and a moulded semicircular arch, c1800; and at the far end, a pair of early/mid-C18 glazed doors with ovolo-moulded glazing bars, each with 8 panes of wired glass and a fielded panel below. Early C18 stair of 4 straight flights to rear right, with moulded pine handrail and closed string, and turned balusters (?partly beech). The ground-floor room at front right has early C19 moulded plaster ceiling covings, and similar moulded plaster on the transverse beam; it is divided into 2 smaller offices, without affecting these features. The left room has a boxed transverse beam. The rooms above have respectively a beaded transverse beam and a chamfered transverse beam; the left room has a blocked C18 fireplace with a moulded mantel shelf. The rear right wing has above the ground floor a chamfered transverse beam with lamb's tongue stops, and some original hardwood framing is exposed in the rear left wing. The service wing to rear left retains early internal features, including a C17 3-plank door to a cupboard; an C18 wide boarded and ledged door at the foot of the service stair, faced with hardboard, and another to the rear extension; and an early/mid-C18 borrowed light with ovolo-moulded glazing bars and 6 panes of handmade glass. These internal features also comprise an exceptional colection meriting special care. HISTORICAL NOTE: a building on this site, probably incorporated in the present structure, is documented as Setters or Levers from 1574, and as an inn, The Cross Keys from 1601-1731. In 1823 and 1851 it was occupied by Cornelius Butler, surgeon. It became a private hotel in the C20 before its present use as a solicitor's office from 1960. (Kemble GVH: Survey of Ingatestone High Street: 1987-).

Listing NGR: TQ6512099647


This is part of the Series: IOE01/0432 IOE Records taken by Colleen Cole; within the Collection: IOE01 Images Of England


© Mrs Colleen Cole. Source: Historic England Archive

This photograph was taken for the Images of England project

People & Organisations

Photographer: Cole, Colleen

Rights Holder: Cole, Colleen


Clay, Plaster, Tile, Timber, Weatherboard, Tudor Timber Framed House, Elizabethan Monument (By Form), Stuart Timber Framed Building, Jacobean House, Domestic, Dwelling, Service Wing, Hostel, Commercial, Residential Building, Legal Office, Civil, Legal Site, Commercial Office, Steps, Transport, Pedestrian Transport Site, Inn