2 Church Street / 2 And 3 Church Street
- 2 May 2003
- 2 Church Street, Blackmore, Brentwood, Essex, CM4 0RN
- 2 And 3 Church Street, Blackmore, Brentwood, Essex, CM4 0RN
- Photograph (Digital)
This information is taken from the statutory List as it was in 2001 and may not be up to date.
TL6001 CHURCH STREET 723-1/15/5 (East side) 20/02/67 No.2 (Formerly Listed as: BRENTWOOD CHURCH STREET, Blackmore (East side) Nos.2 AND 3)
House. Early C14 or earlier, altered c1600 and in C19 and C20.
Timber-framed, plastered with some exposed framing, roofed with machine-made red clay tiles. PLAN: single range of 5 bays with continuous jetty to street, comprising at the N end 3 bays (having a total length of 9.42m) of the early C14 or earlier, but with the front wall, jetty and floor structure rebuilt c1600, and 2 bays to the S (having a total length of 5.10m) added c1600. Axial stack at right end, and rear stack at left end. On the first floor only this house incorporates one bay to the N (length 2.77m) of which the remainder forms the front range of Little Jordan (qv), c1600. Complex extensions to rear, c1976. EXTERIOR: 2 storeys. On the ground floor five C20 sashes of 8:8 lights in early C19 style, and on the first floor 3 similar sashes. C20 6-panel door. The ground floor is plastered below the exposed jetty plate. Exposed bressummer and joists of vertical section, and all studs above, with 2 primary straight braces. An almost complete set of chisel-cut carpenter's assembly marks near the base of these studs distinguishes the 2 builds. The 3 left bays are numbered 1-21 (from left to right). Beyond a straight joint in the jetty plate, bressumer and wallplate, the two C20 insertions. The straight brace at the left end is a C20 insertion, the equivalent brace at the right end is original. (For exterior of first-floor bay to N, see Little Jordan (qv)). Rear elevation wholly plastered, C20 casements. In the left range the rear wall is all early C14 or earlier with one jowled post at the left end, others unjowled, heavy studding at 0.71m centres, trenches for missing curved tension braces 0.25m wide, a firt with mortices for wide joists jointed to it with unrefined central tenons, and in the wallplate a splayed and under-squinted scarf. The post at the right end is scarfed with a splay and one under-squinted abutment. The studs on the first floor are heavily weathered except where protected by the former eaves, and unusually, are numbered near the top, on the outside, from left to right; owing to removal of some for doorways, and concealment of others by plaster, only Nos 7, 9, 11, 12 & 13 are visible (the stud at position 10 in the series is a C20 insertion of old timber). 2 diamond mortices in the wallplate for former unglazed windows on each side of the third post. INTERIOR: the original collar-rafter roof is substantially complete, within a later roof of c1600. The rafters (all unsooted) are numbered from right to left, with at the left end a couple with 2 collars to form the original gablet hip, with 2 slots for the rails of a protective bonnet. Some couples have been removed for an inserted stack, demolished c1976, and beyond the former hip 2 couples have been inserted to extend the roof to connect with the adjacent building. The floors of the 2 left bays have chamfered axial beams with lamb's tongue stops, and plain joists of vertical section; at the rear they are inserted in the larger mortices in the girt remaining from the original floor. The transverse beam between these bays is chamfered with convex stops. The next 2 transverse beams, the axial beam between them, and most of the joists in this bay are C20 insertions copying the style of the remainder; the insertion and removal of a stack in this area has caused much alteration. The 2 bays at the right end have plain joists of vertical section, and one chamfered axial beam. In the rear wallplate is an unusual form of scarf, edge-halved and bridled, but with the bridles offset to avoid the mortices for studding. C20 wide hearth built of old bricks. Clasped purlin roof. The original span of the early C14 build was 3.28m on the first floor, probably about 2.82m on the ground floor if jettied, an exceptionally narrow house for its prominent position. At the second build, c1600, a beam was lodged across the tie-beams to support the front rafters, and the original wallplate was sawn off, leaving a stub in situ at the left end. The front wall and the floor structure were completely rebuilt 0.23m further forward and another roof was built above the original roof to accommodate the wider span. HISTORICAL NOTE: the earliest house in Church Street, and probably the earliest in Blackmore parish, and of exceptional constructional interest. Shown as 3 cottages in OS First Edition, 1873. An early photograph shows a shop window below the left end of the jetty.
Listing NGR: TL6033501795
Copyright IoE Mr David Batterbury. Source Historic England Archive
This photograph was taken for the Images of England project
Photographer: Batterbury, David
Rights Holder: Batterbury, David
Clay, Plaster, Tile, Timber, Medieval Jettied House, Monument <By Form>, Jettied Building, Timber Framed Building, Timber Framed House, House, Domestic, Dwelling, Shop, Commercial