Environmental Archaeology

A Guide to the Theory and Practice of Methods, from Sampling and Recovery to Post-excavation (second edition)

By Gill Campbell, Lisa Moffett, and Vanessa Straker

This document provides guidance for good practice in environmental archaeology. It gives practical advice on the applications and methods of environmental archaeology within archaeological projects. It should not replace advice given by specialists on specific projects, nor is it intended that these guidelines should inhibit future development of methodologies or recommended procedures.

This document should be cited as: Campbell, G, Moffett, L and Straker, V 2011 'Environmental Archaeology. A Guide to the Theory and Practice of Methods, from Sampling and Recovery to Post-excavation (second edition)'. Portsmouth: English Heritage

On 1 April 2015 the part of English Heritage represented on this website changed its name to Historic England. You may notice that some of our content still refers to English Heritage. We are in the process of rebranding, but in the meantime please be assured that all our content and guidance is still current.


  • Preface
  • What these guidelines cover
  • Introduction
  • Practice
  • Sampling
  • Common types of environmental evidence
  • Case Study 1
  • Case Study 2
  • Case Study 3
  • Case Study 4
  • Case Study 5
  • Case Study 6
  • Glossary
  • Where to get advice
  • References
  • Regional research frameworks
  • Period research frameworks
  • Regional review of environmental archaeology
  • Acknowledgements

Additional Information

  • Series: Guidance
  • Publication Status: Completed
  • Product Code: 51644
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