Battle of Langport 1645

Overview

Heritage Category: Battlefield

List Entry Number: 1000016

Date first listed: 06-Jun-1995

Location Description: LANGPORT

Map

Ordnance survey map of Battle of Langport 1645
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1000016 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 26-Sep-2018 at 12:33:37.

Location

Location Description: LANGPORT

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: South Somerset (District Authority)

Parish: High Ham

County: Somerset

District: South Somerset (District Authority)

Parish: Huish Episcopi

County: Somerset

District: South Somerset (District Authority)

Parish: Long Sutton

County: Somerset

District: South Somerset (District Authority)

Parish: Pitney

National Grid Reference: ST 44127 27594

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BATTLE OF LANGPORT 1645



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expressed in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

Under pressure from the victorious New Model Army after Naseby, a Royalist army under General George Goring looked to retreat from its position at Langport to relative safety in Bridgewater. The Royalists attempted a delaying action positioning themselves on high ground outside Langport.

The Parliamentarians advanced, attacking the Royalists guarding the crossing point of the valley. Once taken, the crossing allowed the Parliamentarian cavalry to charge on General Goring forces. The Royalists crumbled and fled for safety, having failed to delay the New Model Army to any great extent.

The defeat at Langport was more damaging to the Royalists' morale than to their numbers. Langport soon fell, allowing Parliament to battle up the Royalist supporters in the south west. The New Model Army continued its successful campaign.

The landscape of the battle was one of irregular hedged enclosures with pasture in the wet valley bottom and open arable fields on the slopes above. Not until 1799 was the land divided into the regular, straight-sided fields of today. A high railway embankment bisects the battlefield but does not affect the crucial locations.

AMENITY FEATURES Good viewpoints of the battlefield from both Royalist and Parliamentarian perspectives are possible from public highways and footpaths but waymarking is currently poor. Wagg bridge, the focal point of the battle, lies on a busy road and great caution is needed. The bridge itself was rebuilt earlier this century on the site of the earlier bridge.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS Much of the battlefield has been identified for landscape improvement in the Local Plan (policy C15). Wagg Meadow is a Site of Ecological Value (C13).

KEY SOURCES Bulstrode, Sir R, 1721, Memoirs and reflections upon the reign and government of King Charles the First and King Charles the Second Norris, H, 1894, 'The Battle of Langport', in Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Society, XL

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 17

Legacy System: Battlefields

Sources

Websites
Historic England Battlefield Report, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/langport.pdf

End of official listing