Battle of Marston Moor 1644

Overview

Heritage Category: Battlefield

List Entry Number: 1000020

Date first listed: 06-Jun-1995

Location Description: MARSTON MOOR

Map

Ordnance survey map of Battle of Marston Moor 1644
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: MARSTON MOOR

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate (District Authority)

Parish: Bilton-in-Ainsty with Bickerton

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate (District Authority)

Parish: Long Marston

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate (District Authority)

Parish: Tockwith

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate (District Authority)

Parish: Wilstrop

National Grid Reference: SE 48727 52446

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

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History

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Details

BATTLE OF MARSTON MOOR 1644



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expressed in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

With the Royalist stronghold of York under siege by allied Parliamentarian and Scottish forces, Prince Rupert led a relieving force from the main Royalist army in the midlands. Having successfully raised the siege, Prince Rupert offered battle on 2 July on Marston Moor.

It was 7o'clock in the evening when the Parliamentarian army suddenly rushed forward. Oliver Cromwell's cavalry beat both the first line of Royalist cavalry and reinforcements under Prince Rupert himself. Circling behind the Royalists, Cromwell created chaos and disorder until the King's forces scattered, except for a defiant last stand by the best of the Royalist infantry, the Whitecoats.

Marston Moor was enclosed only after 1766; before then it was too wet for anything but summer pasture and only the land south of the Tockwith-Long Marston road was suitable for cultivation in largely hedgeless open fields. The boundary ditch and hedge between wet and dry ground however, was an important feature in the battle.

AMENITY FEATURES The battlefield obelisk on the Marston-Tockwith road is centrally placed and features an interpretation panel. Greater public access to the remainder of the battlefield would be desirable. The curving E-W hedge leading westwards from Atterwith Lane is of historical importance. Fox Covert, where there are ancient hedgerows, has been identified as the site of the Whitecoats' last stand.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS Most of the battlefield is subject to policies relating to Open Countryside in the emerging Local Plan. Tockwith is a Conservation Area and Wilstrop Wood is Ancient Woodland. The eastern part of the battlefield lies with the York Green Belt.

KEY SOURCES Newman, P, 1981, The Battle of Marston Moor 1644 Young, P, 1970, Marston Moor, the campaign and battle

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21

Legacy System: Battlefields

Sources

Websites
Historic England Battlefield Report, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/marston.pdf

End of official listing