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Battle of Naseby 1645

List Entry Summary

This battlefield is registered within the Register of Historic Battlefields by English Heritage for its special historic interest.

Name: Battle of Naseby 1645

List entry Number: 1000023

Location

NASEBY

The battlefield may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Northamptonshire

District: Daventry

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Clipston

County: Northamptonshire

District: Daventry

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Naseby

County: Northamptonshire

District: Daventry

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Sibbertoft

County: Northamptonshire

District: Daventry

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Sulby

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not Applicable to this List Entry

Date first registered: 06-Jun-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: Battlefields

UID: 24

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Battlefield

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BATTLE OF NASEBY 1645



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expressed in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

On 14 June 1645 the revamped Parliamentarian New Model Army of 14,000 men took on a Royalist army of less than 9,000. The Royalists attacked, and on the western side Prince Rupert's cavalry swept aside the Parliamentarians, careering on to attack the baggage train to the rear. On the main field of battle, however, Parliament gained the upper hand. By the time Prince Rupert returned the battle was so far gone that he and his cavalry considered it wiser not to intervene.

Naseby was the decisive battle of the first Civil War. King Charles was never able to replace the experienced men whom he lost. It took another year to end the war, but Naseby had been the turning point. As a result, the supremacy of Parliament was assured. The success of the New Model Army was to lead to the establishment in 1660 of a permanent force, which is the ancestor of the modern British Army.

In 1645 the landscape was open fields belonging to the neighbouring villages, with hedges only on their margins and heath areas within them. The major period of enclosure with hedges was after 1828. Although a new road separates the main battlefield from the site of the baggage train, the course of events is still readily understandable on the ground.

AMENITY FEATURES The best viewpoint currently available is from the battlefield monument beside the Sibbertoft road, which had an interpretation panel. Additional access would be desirable - a number of features of the battlefield, such as ancient hedgerows, survive in the modern landscape but are not currently accessible.

KEY SOURCES Foard, G, 1993, 'An analysis of the Civil War battlefield at Naseby', in Post-Medieval Archaeology Young, P, 1985, Naseby 1645: the campaign and battle

Selected Sources

Websites
Historic England Battlefield Report, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/naseby.pdf

National Grid Reference: SP6780979812

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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End of official listing