Battle of Winceby 1643

Overview

Heritage Category:
Battlefield
List Entry Number:
1000041
Date first listed:
06-Jun-1995
Location Description:
WINCEBY

Map

Ordnance survey map of Battle of Winceby 1643
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1000041.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 24-Oct-2019 at 00:52:42.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
WINCEBY
County:
Lincolnshire
District:
East Lindsey (District Authority)
Parish:
Greetham with Somersby
County:
Lincolnshire
District:
East Lindsey (District Authority)
Parish:
Hameringham
County:
Lincolnshire
District:
East Lindsey (District Authority)
Parish:
Lusby with Winceby
County:
Lincolnshire
District:
East Lindsey (District Authority)
Parish:
Mareham on the Hill
National Grid Reference:
TF 31360 68764

Details

BATTLE OF WINCEBY 1643



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expresses in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

In October 1643, a Parliamentarian army was besieging the Royalist stronghold of Bolingbroke Castle. The Royalists gathered a force of some 2,500-3,000 cavalry and dragoons at Lincoln to raise the siege. Midway between Horncastle and Bolingbroke Castle, however, at the hamlet of Winceby, the Royalists were intercepted by an equal number of Parliamentarian cavalry and dragoons.

The battle lasted no more than half an hour. Cromwell's first charge did most of the damage, and Fairfax followed up to complete the Parliamentarian victory. The defeated Royalists fled, so tradition had it, south-westwards, but many became trapped in Slash Hollow where they lost their lives to the pursuing Parliamentarian cavalrymen.

In 1643 the landscape was one of open sheep pasture with few enclosures. The hawthorn hedges belonging to enclosure and improvement in the nineteenth century have largely gone, but the tree plantations survive from this period of landscape change.

AMENITY FEATURES Public access by footpath and road is plentiful, and good views of the battlefield exist. An old ditch line in Slash Hollow marks the area where the Royalists were trapped. The Snipes Dale car park is convenient and offers the opportunity for a combined nature conservation and historical visit.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS The battlefield lies within an Area of Great Landscape Value in the emerging Local Plan. Trees at Round Hill Holt are under a Tree Preservation Order. The Lincolnshire Wolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty abuts the northern edge of the battlefield. Two areas of nature conservation value lie to the east.

KEY SOURCES 'A true and exact relation of the Great Victory obtained by the Earl of Manchester and the Lord Fairfax', dated 19 October 1643, Thomason Tract E 71, Journals of the House of Lords, vi, 255.

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment to the Selected Sources on 10/04/2019

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
42
Legacy System:
Battlefields

Sources

Websites
English Heritage Battlefield Report: Battle of Winceby 1643 (Published 1995), accessed 10th April 2019 from https://historicengland.org.uk/content/docs/listing/battlefields/winceby/

Legal

This battlefield is registered within the Register of Historic Battlefields by Historic England for its special historic interest.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].