Battle of Winceby 1643

Overview

Heritage Category: Battlefield

List Entry Number: 1000041

Date first listed: 06-Jun-1995

Location Description: WINCEBY

Map

Ordnance survey map of Battle of Winceby 1643
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Location

Location Description: WINCEBY

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lincolnshire

District: East Lindsey (District Authority)

Parish: Greetham with Somersby

County: Lincolnshire

District: East Lindsey (District Authority)

Parish: Hameringham

County: Lincolnshire

District: East Lindsey (District Authority)

Parish: Lusby with Winceby

County: Lincolnshire

District: East Lindsey (District Authority)

Parish: Mareham on the Hill

National Grid Reference: TF 31360 68764

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

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Details

BATTLE OF WINCEBY 1643



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expresses in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

In October 1643,a Parliamentarian army was besieging the Royalist stronghold of Bolingbroke Castle. The Royalists gathered a force of some 2,500-3,000 cavalry and dragoons at Lincoln to raise the siege. Midway between Horncastle and Bolingbroke Castle, however, at the hamlet of Winceby, the Royalists were intercepted by an equal number of Parliamentarian cavalry and dragoons.

The battle lasted no more than half an hour. Cromwell's first charge did most of the damage, and Fairfax followed up to complete the Parliamentarian victory. The defeated Royalists fled, so tradition had it, south-westwards, but many became trapped in Slash Hollow where they lost their lives to the pursuing Parliamentarian cavalrymen.

In 1643 the landscape was one of open sheep pasture with few enclosures. The hawthorn hedges belonging to enclosure and improvement in the nineteenth century have largely gone, but the tree plantations survive from this period of landscape change.

AMENITY FEATURES Public access by footpath and road is plentiful, and good views of the battlefield exist. An old ditch line in Slash Hollow marks the area where the Royalists were trapped. The Snipes Dale car park is convenient and offers the opportunity for a combined nature conservation and historical visit.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS The battlefield lies within an Area of Great Landscape Value in the emerging Local Plan. Trees at Round Hill Holt are under a Tree Preservation Order. The Lincolnshire Wolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty abuts the northern edge of the battlefield. Two areas of nature conservation value lie to the east.

KEY SOURCES 'A true and exact relation of the Great Victory obtained by the Earl of Manchester and the Lord Fairfax', dated 19 October 1643, Thomason Tract E 71, Journals of the House of Lords, vi, 255.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 42

Legacy System: Battlefields

Sources

Websites
English Heritage, 1995, Battlefield Report: Winceby 1643, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/winceby.pdf

End of official listing