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Battle of Winceby 1643

List Entry Summary

This battlefield is registered within the Register of Historic Battlefields by English Heritage for its special historic interest.

Name: Battle of Winceby 1643

List entry Number: 1000041

Location

WINCEBY

The battlefield may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lincolnshire

District: East Lindsey

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Greetham with Somersby

County: Lincolnshire

District: East Lindsey

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Hameringham

County: Lincolnshire

District: East Lindsey

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Lusby with Winceby

County: Lincolnshire

District: East Lindsey

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Mareham on the Hill

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not Applicable to this List Entry

Date first registered: 06-Jun-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: Battlefields

UID: 42

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Battlefield

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BATTLE OF WINCEBY 1643



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expresses in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

In October 1643,a Parliamentarian army was besieging the Royalist stronghold of Bolingbroke Castle. The Royalists gathered a force of some 2,500-3,000 cavalry and dragoons at Lincoln to raise the siege. Midway between Horncastle and Bolingbroke Castle, however, at the hamlet of Winceby, the Royalists were intercepted by an equal number of Parliamentarian cavalry and dragoons.

The battle lasted no more than half an hour. Cromwell's first charge did most of the damage, and Fairfax followed up to complete the Parliamentarian victory. The defeated Royalists fled, so tradition had it, south-westwards, but many became trapped in Slash Hollow where they lost their lives to the pursuing Parliamentarian cavalrymen.

In 1643 the landscape was one of open sheep pasture with few enclosures. The hawthorn hedges belonging to enclosure and improvement in the nineteenth century have largely gone, but the tree plantations survive from this period of landscape change.

AMENITY FEATURES Public access by footpath and road is plentiful, and good views of the battlefield exist. An old ditch line in Slash Hollow marks the area where the Royalists were trapped. The Snipes Dale car park is convenient and offers the opportunity for a combined nature conservation and historical visit.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS The battlefield lies within an Area of Great Landscape Value in the emerging Local Plan. Trees at Round Hill Holt are under a Tree Preservation Order. The Lincolnshire Wolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty abuts the northern edge of the battlefield. Two areas of nature conservation value lie to the east.

KEY SOURCES 'A true and exact relation of the Great Victory obtained by the Earl of Manchester and the Lord Fairfax', dated 19 October 1643, Thomason Tract E 71, Journals of the House of Lords, vi, 255.

Selected Sources

Websites
English Heritage, 1995, Battlefield Report: Winceby 1643, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/winceby.pdf

National Grid Reference: TF 31360 68764

Map

Map
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End of official listing