Round cairn 185m NNW of Old Hilltop Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1001727

Date first listed: 07-Jun-1976

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 185m NNW of Old Hilltop Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Wendron

National Grid Reference: SW 69553 36438

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation, the round cairn 185m NNW of Old Hilltop Farm survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.


The monument includes a round cairn, situated at the northern summit of the prominent hill called Carnmenellis. The cairn survives as a circular stony mound measuring up to 25m in diameter and 3m high. Incorporated into the mound on the western side is part of a natural tor, and there are at least three large visible slabs forming part of a rectangular internal cist-like structure. An Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar has been sited on the summit. This is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

First recorded by Borlase in 1872, he reported a stone wall was visible about '7 feet from the ground'.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 973

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing