St John the Baptist's Church gateway, Howley Road

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1002004
Date first listed:
27-May-1974

Map

Ordnance survey map of St John the Baptist's Church gateway, Howley Road
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Greater London Authority
District:
Croydon (London Borough)
National Grid Reference:
TQ 31902 65321

Summary

St John the Baptist's Church gateway, 27m WSW of No.54 Howley Road.

Reasons for Designation

Stone archways are frequently large, freestanding structures that are monumental in form. They were used systematically from the Roman period onwards, although a broader range of styles developed throughout the medieval period in England. Archways often provide an imposing entrance way to a building or site of significance. The blocks of stone are held together by mutual pressure and supported at the sides. The archway is often situated at the start of a long avenue or processional way that enhances the setting of a particular site or building.

Despite some later repairs and alterations, St John the Baptist's Church gateway, 27m WSW of No.54 Howley Road survives well with some fine architectural details. It dates to about the early 16th century and provides an impressive approach to St John the Baptist's Church.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 24 March 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes an arched stone gateway situated on the southern edge of the churchyard of St John the Baptist, facing Howley Road in Croydon.

The gateway is a three-centred archway approximately 3m high and 2m wide with moulded surround and decorative rosettes in the spandrels. The archway is constructed of Kentish Ragstone and a yellowish oolitic limestone, which may be Caen stone from northern France. Portland stone capping has been added on top and buttressing has been added at either end of the archway. A modern timber rounded gateway has been erected in the archway. The archway dates to about the early 16th century but was moved to its current position in about 1845; its previous origin is uncertain. A low stock brick wall was built adjoining to the east in the 19th century.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
LO 131
Legacy System:
RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
Greater London SMR: 226505/00/00

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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